如果你在美国被捕,会发生什么? 分享到
What Happens If You Are Arrested in the US 2018-06-2952694

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If you have ever watched an American crime show, you know about this Supreme Court case.Listen to what the police officer says.
如果你看过美国的犯罪节目,你一定知道这起由最高法院审理的案子。仔细听警察说什么。
“You do have the right to remain silent. You also have the right to be represented by an attorney…”
“你有权保持沉默。你也有权由律师代表……”
Those rights – the rights not to speak and to have a lawyer – are known as Miranda rights.
这些权利——保持沉默的权利和拥有律师的权利——被称为米兰达权利。
The name comes from Ernesto Miranda.In 1963, he was arrested and charged with kidnapping, robbing, and raping a young woman.Police arrested Miranda and questioned him.Miranda admitted to some of the crimes, and a jury later used his confession to find him guilty.
米兰达权利来自于米兰达诉亚利桑那州案。1963年,他被捕并被控绑架、抢劫和强奸一位在美国亚利桑那州工作的年轻女孩。警方逮捕了米兰达并审问了他。米兰达承认了一些罪行,陪审团后来根据他的供词判他有罪。
But some activists said Miranda’s trial was not fair.The reason, they said, was because police had not clearly told Miranda about his rights.The U.S. Constitution says people do not have to admit to wrongdoing.
但一些活动人士表示,米兰达的审判不公平。他们说,原因是警察没有明确告诉米兰达他的权利。美国宪法规定,人们不必必须承认自己有不当行为。(其后米兰达向联邦最高法院进行了上诉,声称他的供述是伪造的和受到胁迫的,其在被讯问前未知晓其有不被强迫自证其罪的特权,而且警察也未进行告知。)
A majority of justices agreed.Their decision changed police policies, and strengthened protections for people who have been arrested.
大多数法官对此表示同意。(5位法官4位表示同意,联邦最高法院作出裁决确认米兰达在接受讯问以前有权知道自己的宪法第五修正案权利,警察有义务将它告知嫌疑人,告知之后,才能讯问,并将该案发回重审。)联邦最高法院的判决直接规范了警察在对被关押人员进行讯问时的职权行为,加强了对被捕者的保护。
By the way, Ernesto Miranda? He was given another trial.This time, lawyers could not use his confession against him.But they did use sworn statements by his ex-girlfriend.He was again found guilty and sentenced to prison.
顺便提一下,恩纳斯托·米兰达后来怎么样了呢?他又受到了一次审判。这一次,律师们不能用他的供词来对付他。但他们使用了他前女友的宣誓证词。他再次被判有罪并被判入狱。

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