美国在2020年人口普查中将辨识公民身份 分享到
2020 U.S. Census Will Ask About Citizenship Status 2018-03-3177996

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The U.S. Commerce Department has announced that the 2020 U.S. Census will include a question about citizenship status.
美国商务部宣布在2020年美国人口普查将调查关于公民身份的问题。
Democrats have criticized the decision, saying it will cause fear in immigrants and prevent them from responding.
民主党人批评了这一决定,称这将导致移民的恐慌,并降低他们的反馈参与度。
The U.S. Census takes a population count every 10 years, and not just because the Constitution requires it.The results have several important uses.They decide the number of seats each state gets in the House of Representatives.And they decide how the federal government divides money for local communities.
美国人口普查每十年进行一次,不仅仅因为宪法要求。也是因为其结果有几个重要用途。这些结果将决定每个州获得众议院议席的数量。联邦政府如何分配数兆美元的项目资金。
Census information also helps communities choose places to build things like schools, food markets and hospitals.
人口普查信息还可以帮助社区选择建设学校,食品市场和医院等场所的地方。
Several state attorneys general urged the Commerce Department last month not to add the question.They said it could lower participation among immigrants and cause population numbers to appear lower than they are.
几位州检察长上个月敦促商务部不要将公民身份问题加入普查中。他们表示,这可能会降低移民的参与率,并导致人口数量的低估。
California Attorney General Xavier Becerra said the state will take the Trump administration to court over the decision.He said the state is prepared to do what it can to protect California from an incomplete census.
加州司法部长哈维尔·贝赛拉表示,该州对这一决定将提出上诉,控告特朗普政府。他说,该州准备尽其所能保护加州免受不完整的人口普查。
“Including a citizenship question on the 2020 census is not just a bad idea — it is illegal,” Becerra said.
“包括2020年人口普查公民身份问题,这不仅仅是一个糟糕的想法,且是非法的,”贝塞拉说。
The Democratic leader of the House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, said Tuesday that adding such a question would cause fear and distrust in defenseless communities.She said it would worsen the lack of representation of some communities, and that those communities would be left out financially.
众议院民主党领袖南希·佩洛西星期二说,新增这样一个调查问题会在毫无防备的社区中造成恐慌和不信任。她表示,这会使一些社区更加缺乏代表性,从而使其在经济上将被忽略。
Several Republican lawmakers have praised the Commerce Department’s decision.Among them is Texas Senator Ted Cruz.In a statement Tuesday, Cruz and the two other lawmakers said that it is important that census information is reliable because it strongly affects U.S. policy.Cruz added that, “a question on citizenship is a reasonable, commonsense addition to the census.”
然而有几位共和党议员支持商务部的决定。其中有德克萨斯州参议员特德·克鲁兹。在周二的一份声明中,克鲁兹和其他两位立法者表示,人口普查信息是可靠的,因为它对美国政策的变化有着很大的影响。克鲁兹补充说,“所以在人口普查中增加调查公民身份问题是十分合理的。”
The Commerce Department said Monday that citizenship information will help the Justice Department enforce the Voting Rights Act.The law protects minority voting rights.It was signed into law in 1965.The department also said that between 1820 and 1950, almost every census asked some type of citizenship question.
商务部周一表示,公民信息将有助于司法部执行投票权法案。 法律保护少数人的投票权。它于1965年签署成为法律。该部门还表示,在1820年至1950年间,几乎每次人口普查中都以某种方式问及了受访者的公民身份问题。
But many civil rights groups and other groups say the Justice Department is wrong in its claim that the citizenship question is needed to enforce the Voting Rights Act.
但许多维护公民权利团体和一些其他团体表示,司法部声称调查公民权问题是为了执行“投票权法”,这一说法是错误的。
One-hundred seventy groups wrote a letter to Commerce Department Secretary Wilbur Ross in January, shortly after the Justice Department proposed adding the question.The groups said the Justice Department has “never needed to add this new question to…the census to enforce the Voting Rights Act before,so there is no reason it would need to do so now.”
1月,在司法部提出新增这个调查问题后不久,约一百七十个团体在一月份写信给商务部秘书威尔伯.罗斯。这些团体表示,司法部“以前没有把这个新问题添加到人口普查中,以执行投票权法案,所以现在也没有这个必要。”
Census counts are taken in two ways: by mail and by workers walking around neighborhoods.
普查计数有两种方式:通过邮件和工作人员实地调查。
The Census Bureau says that the 2010 census got a very high number of answers.About 74 percent of U.S. households mailed in forms.The other households were counted by workers in neighborhoods.
人口普查局说,2010年人口普查的获得的反馈非常多。大约74%的美国家庭以表格形式邮寄。其他住户由街区的工作人员统计。
I’m Alice Bryant.
爱丽丝·科比为您播报。

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