今年将不颁发诺贝尔文学奖 分享到
Nobel Prize in Literature Will Not Be Awarded This Year 2018-05-07118664

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The Nobel Prize in literature will not be awarded this year, after accusations of wrongdoing against the Swedish Academy. The organization chooses the winner.
瑞典学院因丑闻受到指控,今年将不颁发诺贝尔文学奖。该组织负责评选诺贝尔奖获奖者。
The Swedish Academy said Friday that the 2018 prize will be given in 2019. Members made the decision at a weekly meeting in Stockholm a day earlier. Anders Olsson, the Academy’s permanent secretary, said the group needed time to rebuild public trust before choosing the next laureate.
瑞典学院周五称,2018年的奖项将会在2019年颁发。一天前,瑞典学院成员在斯德歌尔摩举办的周会上做出了这个决定。瑞典学院常任秘书安德斯·奥尔森表示,在评选下一任获奖者之前,该组织需要时间重获公众信任。
He said the academy made the decision, in his words, “out of respect for previous and future literature laureates, the Nobel Foundation and the general public.”
他表示,学院做出这个决定,用他的话说就是:“是出于对以往和之后诺贝尔文学奖获奖者,诺贝尔基金会和大众的尊重”。
Nobel Prizes are awarded in science, medicine, literature and peacemaking. Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel provided money for their establishment after his death.
诺贝尔奖颁发科学、医学、文学和和平奖。瑞典发明家阿尔弗雷德·诺贝尔去世后出资捐赠了这些奖项。
This will be the first time since 1949 that the award has been delayed. Last year, Japanese-born British novelist Kazuo Ishiguro won the prize.
这是自1949年以来,该奖项首次延迟颁发。去年,日裔英籍小说家石黑一雄获得了该奖项。
The problems at the Swedish Academy began last fall. Jean-Claude Arnault, an important artist in Sweden, was accused of sexual abuse.
瑞典学院的麻烦出现在去年秋天。瑞典一位重要的艺术家让·克劳德·阿尔诺被控性侵犯。
Arnault leads a cultural center for which the Academy provided financial support. He is also the husband of Academy member, poet Katarina Frostenson.
阿尔诺主管一家文化中心,该文化中心由瑞典学院提供经济支持。他也是学院成员卡特琳娜·弗洛斯滕森的丈夫。
In November of 2016, a major Swedish newspaper, Dagens Nyheter, reported about 18 women who accused Arnault of sex abuse.
2016年11月,瑞典一家主流报纸《每日新闻报》报道了18位女性控告阿尔诺性侵的新闻。
He has also been accused of violating Nobel secrecy rules. He reportedly released the identity of winners before official announcements at least seven times.
他还被控违反诺贝尔保密条约。据报道,他曾在官方宣布之前,至少七次泄漏获奖者的身份。
Arnault’s lawyer Bjorn Hurtig has denied the accusations. He told the Associated Press that his Arnault is the victim of “a witch hunt” and that the accusations “may only have the purpose of harming him.”
阿尔诺的律师比约恩·胡蒂格否认了这些指控。他告诉美联社说,阿诺德是“政治迫害”的受害者,这些指控“可能只是为了伤害他。”
The academy later admitted in a report that “unacceptable behavior in the form of unwanted intimacy” took place among its members. However, its poor management of the behavior damaged the organization’s trustworthiness. It also led to the resignation of its first female leader, Sara Danius.
瑞典学院之后在一篇报告中承认学院有些成员“发生了不必要的亲密行为。”但是,学院的行为管理不当损害了组织的公信度。还因此导致学院第一位女性领导人萨拉·丹尼尔斯辞职。
A debate about how to deal with the accusations divided the Academy’s 18 members, who are appointed to life terms. Later, seven members decided to leave or distance themselves from the group.
关于如何解决这次控告的争论在学院18位获得终生任命的成员间发生了分歧。后来,七名成员决定离开或是远离该组织。
The Academy released a statement that said members would reexamine operating polices at this week’s meeting.
学院发布了一项声明称学院成员将会在本周周会上重新审视其运作方针。
The Nobel Foundation quickly answered, saying it believes the academy will put all its efforts into rebuilding its trustworthiness.
诺贝尔基金会很快作出了回应,表示相信该学院一定会尽最大努力重建信任度。
Carl-Henrik Heldin, chairman of the Nobel Foundation Board, said in a statement that he also believes the Academy members realize their changes need to include “greater openness toward the outside world.”
诺贝尔基金会董事会主席卡尔·亨里·克特尔丁在一份声明中表示,他也相信学院成员会意识到,他们的改变需要“对外部世界更加开放”。
The Nobel Prize has been suspended 49 times since the prizes began in 1901, usually the result of war.
自诺贝尔奖1901年设立,已有49次暂停颁发奖项,通常都是因为战争。
Swedish Academy member Goran Malmqvist told Sweden’s TT news agency that the delay was “a really good decision.”
瑞典学院成员马悦然教授告诉瑞典新闻社说,这次延迟“真是个很棒的决定。”
“We’re in a crisis and it will take time to rebuild it again,” he said. He added that the academy must be more open to the media, but at the same time not leak the name of the winner.
“我们正处于危机之中,需要时间进行修补,”他表示。他还说,学院必须对媒体更加开放,但同时不能泄漏获奖者名字。
I’m Phil Dierking.
菲尔·迪尔金为您播报。

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