在约旦史前遗址发现世界上最古老的面包 分享到
World’s Oldest Bread Found at Prehistoric Site in Jordan 2018-07-2767468

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The burned remains of bread made about 14,500 years ago in northeastern Jordan have given scientists a surprise: humans started making bread long before they developed agriculture.
在约旦东北部发现的距今约14500年的烤焦面包残留物让科学家们大吃一惊:人类早在农业发展之前就开始制作面包了。
The bread was found in a stone fireplace at an ancient site in Jordan’s Black Desert.
这块面包是在约旦黑沙漠的一个古老遗址的石砌壁炉里发现的。
It is the oldest bread ever found.
这是迄今为止发现的最古老的面包。
Researchers said this week that the discovery shows that hunter-gatherers in the Eastern Mediterranean learned to make bread more than 4,000 years before farming began. That is much earlier than scientists had thought.
本周,研究人员表示,这一发现表明,早在开始耕种的4000多年之前,地中海东部的狩猎采集者就学会了制作面包。这比科学家们预想的要早得多。
The bread was made from wild cereals like barley and oats, as well as tubers. It was made by a group of people called the Natufians. At the time, they had started to change from a nomadic way of life to one in which they stayed in one place.
这些面包是由野生谷物制成的,如大麦、燕麦和块茎等。一群纳图夫人制作了这些面包。当时,他们开始从游牧的生活方式转变为定居生活。
Amaia Arranz-Otaegui was a lead writer and researcher of the study. She is a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark. She called the bread discovery “exceptional.”
阿玛伊娅是这项研究的主要作者和研究者。她是丹麦哥本哈根大学的博士后研究员。她称这块面包的发现是“特殊的”。
Arranz-Otaegui said scientists must now consider whether “there was a relationship between bread production” and the beginning of agriculture. She added that the desire for bread may have led nomadic people to start growing food and staying in one area.
阿玛伊娅说,科学家现在必须考虑“面包生产与农业起源之间是否存在关系”。她补充说,对面包的渴望可能导致游牧民族开始种植食物,并在一个地区停留。
She also said the researchers have begun the process of trying to reproduce the prehistoric bread.
她还说,研究人员已经开始尝试还原史前面包了。
The bread might not have been very tasty, Arranz-Otaegui said. She described the taste of the tubers used for the flour as “quite gritty and salty. But it is a bit sweet as well.”
阿玛伊娅说,这种面包可能不太好吃。她形容用来制作面粉的块茎的味道“非常粗糙而且咸”。但它也有点甜。
The next-oldest bread ever discovered was found in Turkey. It was over 9,000 years old.
世界第二古老的面包是在土耳其发现的。它距今已经有9000多年的历史了。
I’m Susan Shand.
苏珊·尚德为您播报。

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