马其顿人决定是否改变其国家名字 分享到
Macedonians to Decide Whether to Change Their Country’s Name 2018-10-0168566

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Macedonian President Gjorge Ivanov is urging Macedonians to boycott a popular vote on whether the country should change its name.
马其顿总统伊万诺夫力劝马其顿国民抵制关于修改国家名字的全民投票。
He called changing the country’s name from the Republic of Macedonia to North Macedonia “historical suicide.”
他把将国家名字从马其顿共和国改成北马其顿共和国的这一行为称为“历史性自杀”。
Ivanov spoke at the United Nations General Assembly in New York City.
伊万诺夫在纽约市举办的联合国大会上这样说道。
He said, “It is a censorship of the world and an auto-censorship of the collective conscience of Macedonian people.”
他说:“这是对世界的审查,是对马其顿人民集体良知的自动审查。”
Ivanov has refused to support a deal reached between Macedonian Prime Minister Zoran Zaev and Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras.Under the deal, the people of Macedonia will vote on whether to change the country’s name or not.
伊万诺夫拒绝支持马其顿总理扎耶夫和希腊总理齐普拉夫之间签订的协议。根据这项协议,马其顿人民将会投票决定是否改变国家名字。
The Associated Press reports that it is unclear if 50 percent of voters will take part in the referendum, which is required for the vote to be official.
美联社报道称目前还不清楚是否有50%的选民会参加公投,正式公投要求有50%的选民参加。
If voters do support the change, parliament will have to change Macedonia’s constitution.
如果选民支持这项更改,议会则必须修改马其顿宪法。
Ivanov has called the deal a clear “violation of sovereignty.”
伊万诺夫曾表示,这项协议明显“侵犯了国家主权”。
He criticized the vote saying: “This referendum could lead us to become a subordinate state, dependent on another country.”He added, “We will become a state in name only, not in substance.”
他在批判这项投票时表示:“这项公投会将我们变成一个附属国,一个依赖其他国家的国家。”他还说:“我们会成为一个仅在名义上存在,没有实体的国家。”
Greece has said that the name Macedonia belongs only to its northern province of Macedonia.It says by using the name, the country of Macedonia can make a claim to the Greek province.
希腊曾表示,马其顿这个名字只属于其北部的马其顿省。希腊表示,马其顿国使用这个名字可以认领希腊的省份。
Since Macedonia became independent in 1991, Greece has put pressure on it to change its name.Because of the Objections of Greece, Macedonia is known as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia in the United Nations.Greece also has blocked Macedonia from joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, or NATO.
自1991年马其顿独立以来,希腊就一直向其施加压力,要求改变国名。由于希腊的反对,马其顿在联合国只能以前南斯拉夫马其顿共和国的名字存在。希腊还阻止马其顿加入北大西洋公约组织。
Supporters of the name change say it will lead to NATO membership and permit the country to join the European Union after a set time period.
国名更改的支持者称,这样可以加入北大西洋公约组织,一段时间后还可加入欧盟。
Opponents consider the change a national humiliation.
反对者认为,这种改变是一种国家耻辱。
On Sunday, September 30, the people of Macedonia will vote on whether to change their name to North Macedonia.
9月30日周日,马其顿人民将会就是否将国名改为北马其顿共和国进行投票。
I’m Mario Ritter.
马里奥·里特为您播报。

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