华盛顿庆祝可兰经艺术 分享到:
Washington Show Celebrates the Art of the Quran 2016-11-15101163

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A show with more than 60 of the most important manuscripts of and about the Quran opened recently in Washington, DC.
最近,有关可兰经最出名的60多件手稿在华盛顿特区展出。
The books and documents were created over more than a thousand years in countries across the Islamic world—from North Africa to Turkey, Iran and Afghanistan.
这些书籍和文件是伊斯兰世界国家历经一千多年时间才形成,从非洲北部到土耳其,从伊朗到阿富汗。
“The Art of the Qu’ran” is the first major exhibition of its kind in the United States.It can be seen at the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, which is part of the world famous Smithsonian Institution.Massumeh Farhad is the chief curator of the Sackler Gallery.She is also responsible for its collection of Islamic art.
《可兰经艺术》是第一次在美国举行的同类大型会展。该文稿陈列于塞克勒艺术馆,塞克勒艺术馆是世界闻名的史密森学会的一部分。马苏梅·法尔哈德是塞克勒艺术馆的总策展人。主要负责收集这些伊斯兰艺术品。
She talked about the first thing visitors to the exhibit see—a very colorful, large manuscript.
她在讨论参观者看到的第一件艺术品,一件五颜六色的大幅作品。
“It certainly is one of the biggest and certainly the heaviest.It weighs some 60 kilos and it is quite remarkable.Many of these manuscripts were created primarily for display.They were given as gifts to mosques and, and mausolea.”
“它一定是最大也肯定是最重的。大约重60千克,也确实引人注目。其中很多手稿都是为了进行展示。并将它们作为礼物赠与清真寺和陵墓。”
Most of the exhibit’s manuscripts are from The Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts in Istanbul.Others are from the Smithsonian’s permanent collection.
这次展览中大部分手稿都来自于位于伊斯坦布尔的土耳其和伊斯兰艺术博物馆。另有一些则属于史密森博物馆的永久收藏。
The oldest were produced in 7th-century Damascus, Syria,while the most recent works are from 17th-century Istanbul.
其中最古老的一件产于7世纪叙利亚的大马士革,最新的作品则来源于17世纪的伊斯坦布尔。
Some works come from the burial places of Ottoman sultans in what is now Turkey.The sultans’ power once extended from southeast Europe to northern Africa and the Middle East.
有些作品来自奥斯曼帝国苏丹(即现在的土耳其)的墓地。奥斯曼帝国苏丹的势力曾从欧洲东南部一直延伸至非洲北部和中东地区。
“They were created for some of the most powerful sultans—rulers in these regions.And eventually, after many years, they were acquired by the Ottoman royal family.”
“这些手稿是为一些最有权力的苏丹人制造的,也就是为了这片区域的统治者制造的。但最终,这些人还是在多年之后被奥斯曼帝国的皇室俘虏。”
Massumeh Farhad says although each book or document has the same wording, they look different in appearance.She says the skill of the artists has made each manuscript a special work of art.
马苏梅·法尔哈德表示尽管每本书或者文件都采用了一样的措辞,但外观是不同的。她表示艺术家的技能让每个手稿都成为了一个独特的艺术。
“For instance, there is a manuscript by the calligrapher Yaqut,who is probably one of the greatest calligraphers to have ever worked in the Islamic world, from the late 12th—early 13th century.”
“比如,其中有书法家雅古特的手稿,雅古特是12世纪末13世纪初在伊斯兰世界从事艺术的最伟大书法家之一。”
The exhibit shows the beauty of the calligraphy and the extremely fine details of the Qurans.It also tells the stories of some of the manuscripts, their makers and earlier owners.
该展览显示了书法的美感以及可兰经极致的细节。此外,还讲述了一些手稿,其制作人以及早期主人的故事。
“We hope that visitors, whatever their interest, will come and take away some of these stories.Some, some may be interested in the calligraphy, some may be interested in particular calligraphers,or in the art of Illumination, and the way that the exhibition is organized we hope that we have something for all of the visitors.”
“我们希望我们的游客,不管他们的兴趣是什么,都能够了解这些故事。一些游客可能会对书法感兴趣,另一些可能对一些特别的书法家感兴趣,或者对照明艺术以及此次展览的组织方式感兴趣,我们希望能够给游客带来一些东西。”
The Quran exhibit continues at the Sackler Gallery through February 20, 2017.Many parts of the show can be seen online.
塞克勒艺术馆将在2017年2月20日之前一直进行古兰经展示。该展览的很多部分都可以在网上搜到。
I’m Christopher Jones-Cruise.
克里斯托弗·琼斯·克里斯为您报道。

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