谷歌图标致敬印度裔美国科学家 分享到
Google Doodle Honors Indian American Scientist 2018-01-1156856

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HarGobind Khorana was an Indian American biochemist.
哈尔.葛宾.科拉纳是一名印度裔美国生物化学家
His research led to greater understanding of the makeup of human DNA. In 1968, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
他的研究让人们更好的了解了人类DNA的组成。1968年,他获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖。
Khorana would have been 96 years old on Tuesday, January 9.
1月9日这个周二,科拉纳若仍在世也该96岁了。
Google honored his life and work on its homepage with a Google Doodle. The image could be seen by Google users in 13 countries, including the United States, India, Argentina, Chile and Japan.
谷歌以主页谷歌图标向其致敬。包括美国、印度、阿根廷、智利和日本在内的13个国家的谷歌用户可以看到该图标。
Khorana was born on January 9, 1922, in a small Indian village called Raipur. The area is now part of Pakistan.
科拉纳1922年1月9日出生于一个名叫赖布尔的印度小村庄。该区域如今是巴基斯坦的一部分。
As Google reports, Khorana’s father helped his children learn to read and write. This was not common in poor, rural places like Raipur.
谷歌的报道称,科拉纳的父亲帮助他的孩子们学习阅读和写字。这在如赖布尔般贫穷的农村地区并不常见。
Khorana received scholarships to attend Punjab University where he earned his Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees. The Indian government later gave Khorana a scholarship for him to do his doctoral studies in chemistry at the University of Liverpool in England.
科拉纳获得旁遮普大学的奖学金,在那里拿到学士和硕士文凭。印度政府之后为科拉纳提供奖学金,让他得以在英国利物浦大学完成化学博士学位。
Khorana went on to do research at universities around the world, including Canada and the United States. In 1968, he and two other researchers at the University of Wisconsin - Madison earned the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
科拉纳之后在全世界各个大学做研究,包括加拿大和美国。1968年,他和威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校的另两名研究员共同获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖。
Together, Google explains, "they discovered that the order of nucleotides in our DNA determines which amino acids are built. These amino acids form proteins, which carry out essential cell function."
谷歌解释道:“他们一起发现了我们DNA中核苷酸的顺序决定了氨基酸的构成。这些氨基酸构成了蛋白质,而后者实现重要的细胞功能。”
In 1972, Khorana made another important scientific breakthrough when he built the first-ever synthetic gene.
1972年,科拉纳取得了另一个重要的科学突破,他首次合成了基因。
Bangalore-based artist and designer Rohan Dahotre created the Google Doodle.
班加罗尔的艺术家兼设计师罗翰设计了该谷歌图标。
Google produced two other Doodles for January 9. Users in the Middle East saw a Doodle celebrating what would have been the 82nd birthday of Egyptian poet and radio host Farouk Shousha. He died in 2016 at the age of 80.
谷歌1月9日还制作了另外两个图标。埃及诗人兼电台主持人法鲁克.舒沙的图标,纪念他若在世的第82个生日。埃及诗人兼电台主持人法鲁克.舒沙的图标。法鲁克于2016年逝世,享年80岁。
And users in Indonesia and a few other countries saw a Doodle of the "corpse flower." The huge, unusual -- and foul-smelling -- plant was honored by Indonesian officials as a national rarity 25 years ago.
印度尼西亚以及其他一些国家的用户可以看到“腐尸花”样子的谷歌图标。这种庞大不同寻常的散发臭味的植物25年前被印度尼西亚官员尊为国家罕见珍品。
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