哥伦布被盗信件失而复得 分享到
Stolen Columbus Letter Returned to Vatican 2018-06-2068810

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A 525-year-old copy of a letter by Christopher Columbus, stolen from the Vatican, has returned this week. An investigation by the United States Department of Homeland Security and the Vatican located the letter.
525年前,克里斯多夫·哥伦布(Christopher Columbus)写了一封信,然而,这封信的副本在梵蒂冈被盗,本周,这封被盗信的副本终于得以归还。美国国土安全部和梵蒂冈的联手经过调查后确认了这封信的位置。
“We are returning it to its rightful owner,” said U.S. ambassador to the Vatican, Callista Gingrich, at a ceremony in the Vatican Library.
美国驻梵蒂冈大使金里奇(Callista Gingrich)在梵蒂冈图书馆举行的一个仪式上说,“我们准备把这封信归还给它的合法拥有者。”
Columbus wrote the letter to the king and queen of Spain after discovering “The New World.” He described what he had found and requested money for another trip.
哥伦布发现新大陆后,给西班牙国王和王后写了这封信。他描述了他所找到的东西,并请求资金支持,让他可以开启另一次旅行。
His original letter was written in Spanish. But several copies of a Latin translation were made to spread news of his discovery to the royal courts of Europe and the Pope.
他的原信是用西班牙语写的。但是,为了向欧洲皇室和教皇传播他的发现,他们制作了几份拉丁文译本。
One of the Latin letters, copied by Stephan Plannack in 1493, was put in the Vatican Library. Known as the Columbus Letter, it has eight pages, each about 18.5 cm by 12 cm.
其中一份拉丁文副本,由斯蒂芬普拉纳克于1493年誊抄,随后把它放到了梵蒂冈图书馆。这封信也被称作《哥伦布书简》,由八页组成,每页约18.5厘米乘12厘米。
In 2011, an American expert in rare manuscripts received a similar looking letter. After receiving it, he decided that it was real.
2011年,一位研究稀有手稿的美国专家收到了一封类似的信件。经过检查后,认为它的确是哥伦布的亲笔信。
The year before, the same expert had studied a Columbus Letter in the Vatican Library and suspected that it was a fake. One reason was that the stitching marks on the letter were not the same as those on the cover.
一年前,该专家曾在梵蒂冈图书馆研究过哥伦布信件,却怀疑图书馆珍藏的哥伦布信件是假的,原因之一是信上的缝合痕迹和封面上的不一致。
The letter in the United States, however, had the exact same stitching marks as the leather cover of the fake letter he had studied in the Vatican.
然而,他在美国发现的这封信与他在梵蒂冈研究过的假信的皮革封面有着完全相同的缝合痕迹。
The expert, who was not identified, contacted Homeland Security art investigators, who began working with Vatican inspectors and rare book experts.
这位神秘的专家随即联系国土安全部的艺术调查员,他们开始与梵蒂冈调查人员和珍本书籍专家合作
They believed that someone took the real letter out of its cover at the Vatican Library and replaced it with a fake one.
他们认为,当这8页亲笔信珍藏在梵蒂冈图书馆的一段时间后,有人盗走了它,并用伪造品取而代之。
Archbishop Jean-Louis Brugues is the Vatican’s chief librarian. He said, “We do not know exactly when the substitution took place. We will probably never know who the forger was.”
大主教布鲁格斯(Jean-Louis Brugues)是梵蒂冈的图书馆馆长。他说:“我们不知道确切的偷窃时间,我们可能永远都不知道偷窃和伪造这些信的人是谁。”
Their investigations found that Marino Massimo De Caro, a well known “Italian book thief”, had sold the real letter to a New York book dealer.
他们经调查发现,马里诺(Marino Massimo De Caro)一个臭名昭著的“意大利偷书贼”,是他将真正的信件卖给了纽约的一个书商。
De Caro is serving a seven-year prison sentence in Italy for stealing about 4,000 ancient books and manuscripts from Italian libraries and private collections.
目前他正在意大利服刑七年,因为他从意大利图书馆和私人收藏中共盗取了约4000本古籍和手稿。
The late collector David Parsons bought the letter for $875,000 in 2004. After the investigations, his widow agreed to return the letter to the Vatican Library.
这封信是由已故的收藏家大卫·帕森斯在2004年以87.5万美元购得的。 调查结束后,他的妻子同意自愿将信函寄回梵蒂冈图书馆。
Officials said the letter is now worth about $1.2 million.
有关官员表示,这封信现在价值约120万美元。
I’m Mario Ritter.
马里奥·里特报道。

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