谷歌纪念美国首位原住民女工程师 分享到
Google Honors First Native American Woman Engineer 2018-08-1361831

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This is What’s Trending Today…
这里是今日热点节目。
The search engine Google celebrated on Thursday what would have been the 110th birthday of the first Native American woman engineer. Google honored Mary Ross with a special Google Doodle on its homepage.
搜索引擎谷歌周四纪念了美国首位原住民女工程师的110周年诞辰。为纪念玛丽·罗斯(Mary Ross),谷歌在其主页上为她设计了一个特殊的谷歌标志涂鸦。
Ross was born on August 9, 1908, in the state of Oklahoma. She was the great-granddaughter of John Ross, the longest-serving chief of the Cherokee Nation.
罗斯1908年8月9日出生在俄克拉荷马州。她是约翰·罗斯(John Ross)的曾孙女,约翰·罗斯是切诺基族在任时间最长的酋长。
Her work is considered critical to the early stages of the age of space travel.
人们认为她的工作对太空旅行时代的早期阶段至关重要。
Ross showed special abilities in math and science from an early age. As a student, she developed an interest in aviation, or the practice of flying aircraft. She went on to earn a master’s degree in mathematics from Colorado State Teachers College -- now called the University of Northern Colorado.
罗斯从小在数学和科学方面就表现出特殊的能力。作为学生,她对航空(或飞行飞机的实践)产生了兴趣。她继续学习,在科罗拉多州立师范学院(现被称为北科罗拉多大学)获得数学硕士学位。
During World War II, Ross began working for the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation as a mathematician. There, she was urged to complete work in aeronautical engineering. She earned a special certification in the field from the University of California - Los Angeles in 1949.
在第二次世界大战期间,罗斯作为数学家开始任职于洛克希德飞机公司。她在那里被要求完成航空工程方面的工作。她于1949年在这一领域获得了加州大学洛杉矶分校的特别证书。
Ross was later chosen to join Lockheed’s top-secret Skunk Works team that worked on aircraft designs. The name refers to a group that is permitted to work independently on advanced projects. She was the only female engineer among the team’s 40 members.
罗斯后来被选中加入洛克希德飞机公司最机密的臭鼬工作团队,该团队致力于研究飞机设计。该名称是指允许在高级项目中独立工作的团队。她是该团队40名成员中唯一的女性工程师。
Early on, she researched defense systems. By the late 1950s, her work centered on satellites and a series of space rockets called Agenda. The rockets were extremely important in the 1960s during the Apollo moon program.
她早期研究防御系统。到20世纪50年代后期,她的工作以卫星和一系列称为议程(Agenda)的太空火箭为中心。在阿波罗登月计划期间,这些火箭在20世纪60年代非常重要。
Ross also helped develop early design ideas for space travel between planets, including flyby space flights to study Venus and Mars.
罗斯还帮助开发了行星间太空旅行的早期设计理念,包括研究金星和火星的飞越太空飞行任务。
Ross retired from Lockheed in 1973. But she continued to give talks at high schools and colleges to encourage more women and Native Americans to study engineering.
罗斯1973年从洛克希德公司退休。但她继续在高中和大学演讲,鼓励更多的女性和美洲原住民学习工程学。
Mary Ross died in 2008, a few months before her 100th birthday.
玛丽·罗斯于2008年在她100岁生日的前几个月去世。
Many celebrated Ross’ life on social media. The National Science Foundation wrote on Twitter Thursday, “engineers like Mary Ross are an inspiration to women everywhere. Women and minorities continue to face challenges and break through barriers in engineering.”
许多人在社交媒体上纪念罗斯的一生。美国国家科学基金会周四在推特上写道,“像玛丽·罗斯这样的工程师鼓舞着世界各地的女性。女性和少数民族仍要面临挑战,突破工程学上的障碍。”
Scientists on Twitter wrote that Thursday’s Doodle introduced them to Mary Ross for the first time.
推特上的科学家写道,周四的标志涂鸦首次向他们介绍了玛丽·罗斯。
Twitter user Aaron Perez, for example, wrote: “Mary Ross was an engineer who pioneered in the field of satellites. I never would have known if it wasn’t for the doodle. Women engineers deserve more recognition.”
例如,推特用户亚伦·佩雷斯(Aaron Perez)写道:“玛丽·罗斯工程师是卫星领域的先锋人物。如果不是谷歌的标志涂鸦,我永远不会知道。女性工程师应该得到更多的认可。”
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