媒体不应该将自杀“自觉化” 分享到
Media Should Not ’Sensationalize’ Suicide 2017-10-0593887

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In the United States, September is Suicide Prevention Month. The World Health Organization says that every year about 800,000 people commit suicide around the world.
在美国,九月是防止自杀月。世界卫生组织表示,全球每年约有80万人自杀。
September 10 was international suicide prevention day. To mark that day in 2017, the WHO stressed the important part that the media can play in stopping people from taking their own lives.
9月10日是国际预防自杀日。2017年,为了纪念这一天,世界卫生组织强调媒体可以发挥重要作用,阻止人们自杀。
The WHO reports that for every suicide, 20 other people attempt to take their own lives. These people are mostly young. The WHO says suicide is the second leading cause of death among people aged 15 to 29 years.
世卫组织报告说,在每一次自杀案件当中,有20个人想要自杀。这些人大多是年轻人。世卫组织表示,自杀是15至29岁人群的第二大死因。
The health organization also finds most suicides -- more than 78 percent -- happen in low-and middle-income countries. Issues that put people at risk include mental problems as well as depression and anxiety resulting from alcohol use.
卫生组织也发现大多数自杀行为——超过78%——发生在中低收入国家。使人处于自杀危险中的问题包括精神问题以及酗酒引起的抑郁和焦虑。
The WHO also states growing evidence shows that the media can play an important role in preventing suicide. The role media can play is to responsibly report on the problem.
世卫组织还表示,越来越多的证据表明,媒体可以在防止自杀方面发挥重要作用。媒体可以发挥的作用就是对自杀问题进行负责任地报导。
Alexandra Fleischmann is a scientist in the WHO’s department of mental health and substance abuse. Fleischmann tells VOA that people are often unwilling to talk about suicide because of the stigma.
亚历山大·弗莱施曼是世卫组织心理健康和药物滥用部门的科学家。弗莱施曼告诉美国之音,人们常常因为耻辱而不愿意谈论自杀。
She says journalists can help to overcome this taboo by encouraging people to seek help and to speak openly about their distress.
她说,记者可以通过鼓励人们寻求帮助、公开谈论他们的痛苦来帮助克服这个禁忌。
It is also important to stress that the encouragement to work with the media and not just to talk about the don’ts. Don’t put it in the headlines. Don’t put the picture of the person who died. Don’t sensationalize it. Don’t glamorize it.
“同样重要的是要强调鼓励与媒体合作,而不仅仅是谈论不要做的事情,不要把它放在头条新闻中。不要放死亡人物的照片。不要炒作。不要美化它。
The WHO also warns that when the media reports on suicide in an exciting or attractive way, it may put others at risk.
世卫组织还警告说,当媒体以令人兴奋或有吸引力的方式报道自杀时,可能会将其他人置于危险之中。
I’m Anna Matteo.
我是安娜·马特奥。

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