城市生活有害心理健康吗? 分享到
Does City Living Hurt Mental Health? 2018-04-06134746

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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.
这里是美国之音慢速英语健康与生活报道。
Are people happier in nature with blue skies overhead and fresh green grass underfoot? Could noisy streets, crowded with cars and people, make us unhappy?
人们在头顶蓝天、脚下绿茵的大自然中是否更快乐?嘈杂的街道、拥挤的汽车和人群是否让我们不开心?
The possible mental health effects of city living affects a lot of people. The World Health Organization estimates that 54 percent of the world’s population lived in urban areas in 2014. The WHO adds that that amount will increase to 66 percent by 2050.
城市生活对心理健康可能带来一些影响,而受到这一影响的人有很多。世界卫生组织估计,2014年世界上有54%的人口居住在城市。世卫组织补充说,到2050年,这一数字将增加到66%。
People often move to cities for better jobs and more cultural activities. But are they putting themselves at risk, Maybe.
人们经常搬到城市寻求更好的工作和丰富的文化活动。但是,他们是在冒险吗?可能是。
Experts at the American Psychiatry Association say that “natural environments or green spaces“ do much good for our mental health.
美国精神病学协会的专家说,“自然环境或绿地”对我们的心理健康大有裨益。
Many studies have shown that nature can calm us and make us feel happy. Nature, experts say, can also help us learn better.And experiencing nature helps people recover from the mental tiredness that comes from day-to-day work.
许多研究表明,大自然可以使我们平静,让我们感到快乐。专家说,大自然也能帮助我们更好地学习。而感受自然可以帮助人们从日常工作中产生的精神疲劳中恢复过来。
Other research also suggests that activity in natural outdoor settings can help to reduce the symptoms of Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children.ADHD is a brain disorder that can affect a person’s ability to think clearly.
其他研究还表明,户外活动可以帮助减少儿童注意力缺陷/多动障碍的症状(ADHD)。多动症是一种大脑障碍,它可以影响人们清晰思维的能力。
On the other hand, mental health experts say some research suggests that city living might hurt our mental health. But they cannot say exactly why.
另一方面,心理健康专家说,一些研究表明,城市生活可能会损害我们的心理健康。但他们说不出确切的原因。
What are the specific aspects of the urban environment which causes some people to develop mental health issues?
“城市环境的哪些具体方面导致某些人产生心理健康问题?”
Andrea Mechelli is a doctor with the Institute of Psychiatry at Kings College, London.
安德里亚· 米歇里是伦敦大学国王学院精神病学研究所的一名博士。
There have been studies where people were literally taken out of an urban environment into a rural environment, and their symptoms would improve. And we also see that the greater the city the greater the risk.”
“已经有研究表明,人们从城市环境中被带到乡村的环境中,他们的(心理)症状会得到改善。我们也看到,越是大城市,(得病的)风险越大。”
Mechelli says that someone who lives in a city is three times more likely to develop psychosis than someone who lives in the country.
米歇里说,住在城市的人患上精神病的可能性是住在乡下的人的三倍。
Kings College researchers, along with city planners, land and building designers and others wanted to learn more about city living and mental illness. So, they created a smartphone app called Urban Mind. They say they wanted to understand how different parts of the urban environment affect mental wellbeing.
国王学院的研究人员、城市规划师、土地和建筑设计师以及其他人都想了解城市生活和心理疾病的关系。于是,他们开发了一款名为“城市心理(Urban Mind)”的智能手机应用。他们说想了解城市环境的各方面是如何影响人们的心理健康的。
The Urban Mind app measures your experience of city living in the moment.Researchers collected real time information from 108 people. These people answered just over 3,000 questions during a one-week period.
“城市心理”可以实时测量你在城市生活的体验。研究人员收集了108个人的实时信息。这些人在一周内回答了3000多个问题。
The researchers found that being outdoors, seeing trees, hearing birdsong, seeing the sky, and feeling in contact with nature were associated with higher levels of mental well-being."
研究人员发现,“待在户外、欣赏树木、聆听鸟鸣、仰望天空、与自然接触能使心理更健康。”
They also found that these seeming effects of nature were especially strong in those individuals at greater risk of mental health problems.
他们还发现,这些似乎是大自然所产生的影响对于那些有心理健康问题的人尤其强烈。
The Urban Mind Project team says it hopes "the results will inform future urban planning and social policy aimed at improving design and health."
“城市心理”项目组表示,他们希望“研究结果能启发未来城市规划和社会政策,以改善设计和健康。”
Their report is titled "Urban Mind: Using Smartphone Technologies to Investigate the Impact of Nature on Mental Wellbeing in Real Time."It was published in the January publication of BioScience magazine.
他们的报告题为《城市心理:利用智能手机技术实时调查自然对心理健康的影响》。它发表在1月出版的《生物科学》杂志上。
The researchers launched a new version of the Urban Mind app in March 2018. This new version will feature several languages and will be used for a large international study.
研究人员于2018年3月发布了新版的“城市心理”应用。这一新版本有多种语言,将用于大型国际研究。
If you are interested in the project, you can visit the website at UrbanMind.info.
如果你对这个项目感兴趣,可以访问UrbanMind.info网站。
And that’s the Health & Lifestyle report. I’m Anna Matteo.
以上就是健康与生活报道。我是安娜·马特奥。

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