早餐要吃好!好早餐等于好成绩 分享到
Good Breakfast Equals Good Grades 2018-09-17241129

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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.
这里是VOA健康与生活方式栏目
It is back to school time in much of the world.Calm, easy mornings are replaced with busy, hurried ones.Children wake up early and get ready for school.Many parents are also getting ready for work, helping their children and preparing food for lunches.
现在,世界上大部分地区都已经开学了。悠闲、轻松的早晨被忙碌、匆忙的早晨取代。孩子们醒得很早,准备上学。许多家长也起来准备上班,帮着孩子收拾,准备午餐的食物。
But, don’t forget about breakfast!
但是,一定不要忘记早餐。
When things get wildly busy in the morning, some people skip breakfast to save time.But that may be a big mistake for students.
当早上时光变得非常繁忙时,有些人会为了节省时间而不吃早餐。但放在学生身上可能是犯了一个很大的错误。
Whether at home, on the way to school or at school -- eating something healthy for breakfast may help a student get better grades.
无论是在家里,去学校的路上还是在学校,吃一些健康的早餐可以帮助学生取得更好的成绩。
That is the finding of a 2015 study from Cardiff University in Wales.Researchers there looked at 5000 9-11 year-olds from more than 100 primary schools in the U.K.They looked at what the students ate for breakfast and then their grades six to 18 months later.
这项发现来源于威尔士卡迪夫大学2015年的一项研究。研究人员调查了来自英国100多所小学的5000名9-11岁学生,他们调查了学生们早餐吃了什么,以及6到18个月后的成绩。
They found that the students who ate a healthy breakfast were twice as likely to perform above average in educational activities.The researchers also found that unhealthy breakfasts – such as potato chips or a donut did not appear helpful to educational performance.
他们发现,吃健康早餐的学生在教学活动中的表现高于平均水平两倍。研究人员还发现,不健康的早餐——比如薯片或甜甜圈——对学生在学校的表现并没有帮助。
In 2013, an organization in the United States, also looked at possible connections between breakfast and student success in school.The Share Our Strength’s campaign, No Kid Hungry, found that on average students who ate breakfast provided by their school attended 1.5 more days of school per year.These students also scored 17.5 percent higher on standardized math tests.
2013年,美国的一个组织也注意到了早餐与学生在学校的成功之间可能存在某种联系。分享我们的力量,没有饥饿的孩子这个机构发现那些每天吃学校提供的早餐的学生平均每年可以多上一天半的学。这些学生在标准化数学考试中成绩要高17.5%。
But, are there really that many children who do not eat breakfast? The answer is yes.
但是,真的有那么多孩子不吃早餐吗?答案是肯定的。
Experts at HealthyChildren.org say that in the United States about 8 to 12 percent of all students in grade school (Kindergarten through 8th grade) do not eat breakfast.By the time students are in high school (grades 9 – 12), 20 to 30 percent of them ignore the morning meal.
健康儿童网站的专家称,在美国,在所有小学(幼儿园到8年级)的学生中,大约8%到12%的人不吃早餐。在学生们处于高中时期的时候(9-12年级),20%到30%的学生忽视了早餐。
In Canada, researchers at the University of Waterloo looked at the eating habits of 42,000 students during the 2014-15 school year.The students represented 87 grade schools in Alberta and Ontario.The study found that “39 percent of students reported eating breakfast fewer than three days in a usual school week.”What is a healthy breakfast?
在加拿大,滑铁卢大学的研究人员在2014-2015学年观察了42000名学生的饮食习惯。这些学生来自艾伯塔省和安大略省的87所小学。研究发现,“报告中39%学生在平常的学校周内吃早餐的时间少于三天。”什么是健康的早餐?
Health experts suggest that the best breakfast is a mix of complex carbohydrates, protein and fat.This gives your body the energy it needs to think clearly and to remember what it learns.
健康专家建议,最好的早餐是混合了复合碳水化合物、蛋白质和脂肪。这给了你身体所需的有条理的思考和记住你所学的东西的能量。
This was the 2005 finding of researchers at Tufts University in the U.S.They found that when it comes to giving the brain what it needs to work at its highest level -- not all breakfasts are created equal.
这是美国塔夫斯大学的研究人员2005年发现的,他们发现,在给大脑提供参与更高层次的工作所需的能量时,并不是所有的早餐所起到的作用都是一样的。
In their report, they explain that the brain needs glucose to work well.The best breakfast should include complex carbohydrates that slowly release energy to the body.Whole rolled oats, whole grain bread or low-sugar granola are examples.
在他们的报告中,他们解释说大脑需要葡萄糖才能高效工作。最好的早餐应该包括复合碳水化合物,这些碳水化合物会慢慢释放能量给身体。燕麦片、全麦面包或低糖格兰诺拉麦片就富含碳水化合物。
But the report explains, simply eating a breakfast rich in carbohydrates may make a student tired.
但是报告解释称,仅仅吃富含碳水化合物的早餐可能会让学生感到疲劳。
So, adding protein helps to prevent that.Having a protein such as milk, yogurt, eggs or meat can help students to feel full longer.Oatmeal, the researchers say, is an example of a breakfast that is rich in fiber and protein.It releases energy slowly because it is a whole grain food.So, students will feel full longer.
所以,添加蛋白质有助于防止这种情况发生。牛奶、酸奶、鸡蛋或肉类等蛋白质可以帮助学生饱腹感持续的更久。研究人员称,燕麦片是一种富含纤维和蛋白质的早餐之选。因为它是一种全谷物食品,所以它会缓慢的释放能量。因此,学生们会很长时间感觉不到饿。
Health experts on the website LiveStrong also suggest not eating too much for breakfast.This can also make a person feel tired and unable to think clearly.They say eating between 350 and 500 calories in the morning is a good amount of energy to start the day.
LiveStrong网站上的健康专家建议不要吃太多的早餐。这也会让人感到疲倦,无法清晰地思考。他们说,早上吃350到500卡路里的热量是开启一天的好的能量。
A good breakfast is not just helpful for school-aged children.We all may gain from eating something healthy first thing in the morning.
一顿好的早餐不仅对学龄儿童有帮助。我们都可以从早上吃一些健康的东西中获益。
A study from researchers at the University of Toronto in Canada found that a breakfast rich in protein and complex carbohydrates increased performance on short- and long-term memory.
加拿大多伦多大学的研究人员进行的一项研究发现,富含蛋白质和复合碳水化合物的早餐可以促进短期和长期记忆。
Carbohydrates and protein are especially important because they have a major effect on long-term memory.
碳水化合物和蛋白质尤其重要,因为它们对长期记忆有重要影响。
And that’s the Health & Lifestyle report.
这就是今天的健康和生活方式报道。
I’m Anna Matteo.
安娜·马泰奥报道。

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