11国签订新版《跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》 美国美滋滋退出 分享到
11 Nations Sign Trans-Pacific Trade Deal Without US 2018-03-1192767

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Eleven countries in the Pacific region have signed a major Asia-Pacific free trade agreement in Santiago, Chile.The deal is a new version of the Trans-Pacific Partnership from which the U.S. withdrew last year.
太平洋地区的11个国家在智利的圣地亚哥签订了一项重大的亚太自由贸易协议。该协议是《跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》的新版本,而美国已于去年退出了这项协定。
The agreement is called the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership, or CPTPP.The deal is aimed at reducing import taxes and putting in place trade rules for member nations.
这个新版本的协定名为《全面且先进的跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》(CPTPP),旨在为各成员国减少进口税并实施贸易规范。
The countries represent 500 million people and more than 13 percent of the world economy.With the U.S., the agreement would have covered 40 percent of the world economy.
该协议的成员国有着5亿人口,其经济总量占全球的13%。如果美国还是其中的一员,那么该协定成员国将占全球总经济的40%。
U.S. President Donald Trump announced the withdrawal from the TPP trade pact soon after he took office.The move was a main campaign promise he made during the 2016 presidential election.
美国总统唐纳德·特朗普继其上任不久后就宣布退出《跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》。此举是特朗普在2016年总统大选的竞选期间曾做出的一个主要承诺。
In January, Trump signaled the U.S. was reconsidering its policy at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.He said the U.S. would be willing to rejoin the agreement if the U.S. could get “a much better deal than we had.”
1月,特朗普在参加瑞士达沃斯的世界经济论坛期间,曾或多或少地表示过,美国正在重新考虑其政策。特朗普表示,美国愿意重新加入该协定,前提是美国可以得到“比以往更好的协议条件。”
The Trump administration is currently renegotiating another trade deal, The North American Free Trade Agreement with Canada and Mexico.It is also set to approve taxes of 25 percent on steel and 10 percent on aluminum imports in an effort to protect those industries.
目前,特朗普政府正在重新商定另一项贸易协定,即美国与加拿大和墨西哥之间的《北美自由贸易协定》。特朗普政府还决定批准对进口钢铁和进口铝制品分别征收25%和10%的关税,以保护国内的钢铁和铝制品行业。
The president has said he is willing to show flexibility to nations that are “real friends” on the proposed tariffs.Leaders of many nations, however, have criticized developing U.S. trade policy saying it is becoming increasingly protectionist.
特朗普总统表示,其愿意为“真正的盟友”国家在关税方面做出灵活的调整。不过,很多国家的领导人都谴责了美国制定的贸易政策,他们表示,美国的贸易政策越来越具有保护主义色彩了。
In the last year, Canada and Japan led the remaining 11 countries involved in the TPP to a revised agreement in January.The final version of the deal was released in New Zealand on February 21.
去年,加拿大和日本牵头带领《跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》中余下的11个国家签订了一份修订版协议。该协议的最终版本于2月21日在新西兰发表。
Reuters news service reports that more than 20 provisions have been suspended or changed in the final version of the CPTPP agreement.
据路透社报道,《全面且先进的跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》的最终版废除或修改了此前的20多个条款。
These include rules on intellectual property which the U.S. objected to during the earlier TPP negotiations.
其中包括关于知识产权的规范,这些规范也是美国在之前《跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》中反对的内容。
Kimberlee Weatherall is a professor of law at the University of Sydney.She says many changes have been made to provisions in the new CPTPP.
吉姆波利·韦瑟罗尔是悉尼大学的法学教授。她表示,新版《全面且先进的跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》的条款内容做了很多修改。
They have suspended many of the controversial ones, particularly around pharmaceuticals, she said.
他们废除了很多有争议的条款内容,尤其是与药物有关的条款内容,她如是说道。
New rules are believed to increase intellectual property protections for drug companies.Some governments and activists object to such rules because of concerns about increasing the cost of medicines.
据称,新条款内容将增加对药物公司的知识产权保护。一些政府和积极分子反对这样的条款内容,因为他们担心会增加药物的成本。
Other countries signing the deal are Australia, Brunei, Chile, Malaysia and Mexico.New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam are also included.
签订新版协定的其他国家包括澳大利亚、文莱、智利、马来西亚和墨西哥。此外,新西兰、秘鲁、新加坡、越南也在其中。
Heraldo Munoz is Chile’s minister of foreign affairs.He called the agreement a strong signal against protectionist pressures, in favor of a world open to trade, without unilateral sanctions and without the threat of trade wars.
埃拉尔多·穆尼奥斯是智利的外交部部长。他认为,新版协定是反对贸易保护主义压力的有利信号,是对世界公开贸易的支持,也是对单边制裁和贸易战争威胁的反对。
Once signed, lawmakers in each of the countries will have to approve the trade agreement.It will go into effect 60 days after at least six countries have approved the deal.
一经签订,每个国家的议员就将不得不批准新版协定。只要有至少六个国家批准了该协定,协定就将于60天后生效。
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