世界各地的肉丸 分享到
Meatballs Around the World 2018-03-11109433

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You may not know it, but March 9 is a day to celebrate the meatball.
也许你还不知道,3月9号这一天是庆祝肉丸的节日。
That’s right.It’s International Meatball Day!
没错!就是国际肉丸节
Nearly all of the world’s cultures have some kind of meatball.This delicious food combines meat – pork, fish, beef, ostrich, chicken, you name it –with spices, bread or rice, maybe egg and some kind of fat.The ingredients are mixed and formed into a ball and then cooked in many different ways.
几乎世界上所有的文化中都有某种肉丸。这一美味的食物集肉(猪肉、鱼肉、牛肉、鸵鸟肉或鸡肉,几乎所有你能想到的肉),香料,面包或大米于一体,有时候还加一些鸡蛋和脂肪。各种食材混在一起做成丸子,烹饪方法有很多。
People around the world also have different ways of serving and eating meatballs.
世界各地的人食用肉丸的方式也不尽相同。
We add them to soup.We roast them on sticks.We bake them and then stuff them into bread.We deep-fry them in hot oil and eat them with gravy.We cook them in sauce and add them to pasta.
肉丸可以做成汤,可以做烤串,可以烘焙,可以夹在面包里,可以炒,可以就着肉汁吃,可以加调味汁烹饪,还可以加到意大利面里。
Most meatballs have some things in common.For one, they are easy to eat.They use easy-to-find ingredients.You can make a meatball out of just about any kind of meat.And they developed as a way to make the available meat feed as many people as possible.
大部分肉丸都有共同点。比如说,吃起来不费劲。做肉丸的食材很好找。几乎任何肉类都可以做。肉丸可以让仅有的肉供很多人食用。
In a story for the website Serious Eats, writer Chris E. Crowley describes 20 popular and tasty meatballs from around the world.He begins with the meatball that may have started it all: kofta.
在Serious Eats网站上的一则故事中,作家克里斯·科洛里描述了世界各地20种受欢迎的可口肉丸。他开头使用的是(印度)肉丸,这是肉丸的始祖。
While it is difficult to know for sure, many food historians agree this meatball originated in Persia.Crowley writes that Persians introduced kofta to Arab cultures.And they, in turn, brought kofta to Italians.Before long, the meatball had spread all over the world.Today, kofta appears all over the Middle East, in the Mediterranean and parts of South Asia.
虽然难以确定其真实性,许多食物历史学家同意这种肉丸发源于波斯。科洛里写道,波斯人把肉丸引入到了阿拉伯文化中。阿拉伯人转而将肉丸带入意大利。没过多久,全世界都在吃肉丸了。如今,肉丸遍布中东地区、地中海地区以及部分南亚地区。
Meatballs with all sorts of names can be found everywhere from northern Europe to New York City to Vietnam.
叫其他名字的肉丸遍布世界各地,从北欧到纽约到越南都有。
Swedish people are famous for their Swedish meatballs, called kottbullar.They are often served with gravy, along with boiled potatoes and a special lingonberry sauce.
瑞典人以瑞典肉丸(kottbullar)闻名,这种肉丸通常和肉汁搭配,加上煮好的土豆和一种特制的越橘酱。
One of Denmark’s most popular foods is a small, pan-fried meatball made of cut pork.Danes call it frikadellar.Crowley says these meatballs are found in many countries “where Danes have immigrated or colonized.”
丹麦一种很受欢迎的食物就是猪肉做的煎小肉丸。丹麦人管它叫frikadellar。科洛里说丹麦人移民的国家或是丹麦殖民统治过得国家都有这种肉丸。
Asian countries have many kinds of meatballs served in soups.
亚洲国家的很多肉丸都是配汤的。
One type of meatball found in China is called Lion’s Head.It is a large, soft meatball made of finely cut pork.And they are often served with cabbage.
在中国有一种肉丸叫狮子头。这是一种用猪肉做的大肉丸,口感松软。通常和卷心菜一起搭配食用。
Vietnamese meatballs, called bo vien, can be made with beef, pork or chicken.They are especially chewy and springy.You might find them in a bowl of Vietnamese pho.
越南的肉丸叫bo vien,可以用牛肉、猪肉或是鸡肉做。这种肉丸特别有嚼劲、很Q弹,越南牛肉河粉中通常会放这种肉丸。
In the United States, Italian-American meatballs are generally bigger than those found in Italy.We usually make them with ground beef, pork, turkey, or a combination of meats.And we serve them with tomato sauce and pasta.
在美国,意美风情的肉丸通常比意大利的肉丸更大。这种肉丸用碎牛肉、猪肉、火鸡肉或是各种肉混在一起制成的。食用的时候搭配番茄酱和意大利面。
In fact, in the U.S., spaghetti and meatballs is one of the most popular food pairings.People of all ages enjoy a big bowl of this dish – even children who are extremely picky eaters.And many restaurants have it on their menu.
实际上,在美国,意大利面和肉丸搭配食用很受欢迎。这种吃法老少皆宜,哪怕是很挑食的小孩都喜欢吃。很多餐馆也有这样的搭配供应。
But Italian-American meatballs are not the same as Italian meatballs.So this is where our story will end – the Italian versus Italian-American meatball debate.
不过意美风情的肉丸和意大利肉丸是不一样的。这就到了我们故事结束的片段——关于意大利肉丸与意美风情肉丸的讨论。
Italians themselves have a much different kind of meatball.Their traditional polpette are small.The kind of meat used to make the polpette depend on which part of Italy you are in.
意大利人的肉丸别具特色,他们的传统肉丸polpette个头很小,各个地区用来做肉丸子的肉类也不尽相同。
And while meatballs are easy to find in restaurants here in the States,many food websites claim that in Italy meatballs are more of a home-cooked food.Italians usually eat them as a main course in a simple soup – and not on pasta.
在美国餐馆里肉丸很常见,许多食物网站称意大利肉丸更像家常菜。意大利人通常就着汤一起吃(不是意大利面),算是一道主菜。
Serving meatballs with pasta is a food custom started by Italian-American immigrants, like my grandfather.
搭配意大利面食用肉丸这一食物传统由移民到美国的意大利人开始的,我的祖父就是其中之一。
My father’s father emigrated from Italy when he was 15 years old.Grandpa Giuseppe’s dirt floor basement had shelves filled with jars of homemade tomato sauce.Grandma Lina made the best meatballs that would cook for hours in Grandpa’s sauce,which he made from fresh tomatoes, peppers and basil from his garden.
我爷爷15岁的时候就从意大利移民到美国了。爷爷朱佩塞的地下室里有很多架子,上面摆满了自制的番茄酱罐子,奶奶莉娜做的肉丸要放在爷爷的番茄酱里煮上几个小时,这些番茄酱是用菜园里新鲜的西红柿、胡椒和罗勒做成的。
So, I know if I were to find a restaurant in Italy that serves spaghetti and meatballs, it is probably only meant for American tourists.But that does not change the fact that it is a delicious dish that even the pickiest of children love, and a comfort food that reminds you of home.
所以,如果在意大利找一家有意大利面和肉丸的餐馆,它很有可能是专门为美国游客而开。不过,不可否认的是,这道美味能征服挑食的小孩,这可口的食物会让你想家。
We left out a lot of meatballs.Tell us about the meatballs in your country!Are they a comfort food for you, too?
还有很多肉丸我们没有提到的。告诉我们你所在国家的肉丸吧!你也很喜欢吃吗?
I’m Anna Matteo.
安娜·马泰奥报道。

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