沙特允许女性骑自行车 分享到
Saudi Arabia Now Permits Women to Ride Bicycles 2018-04-16140736

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Life for women in Saudi Arabia is changing quickly.They are now experiencing new freedoms, such as riding a bicycle.The government announced the new policy earlier this month.
沙特阿拉伯女性的生活正在发生急剧变化。如今她们正在体验新的自由,比如说骑自行车。本月早些时候沙特政府发布了这一新政策。
These freedoms are important for Saudi women like Amirah al-Turkistani.
这些自由对阿米拉·阿尔特基斯塔尼这样的沙特女性来说很重要。
In 2015, Amirah finished her studies in the American city of Boston.While living in Boston, she rode a light green bicycle.When she was preparing to return to her home in Jeddah, she decided to take her bicycle with her.
2015年,阿米拉在美国波士顿完成了学业。在波士顿生活的时候,她骑一辆淡绿色的自行车。准备回家乡吉达时,她决定把自行车带回去。
Her friends laughed at the idea.
她的朋友都嘲笑她。
“They told me, ‘What will you do with it in Jeddah, hang it on the wall?’” she said.
她说,“朋友对我说,’在吉达你要怎么处理它,把它挂在墙上吗?’”
Riding a bicycle in public as a woman was unthinkable at the time.In Saudi Arabia, religious police watch public spaces to enforce conservative dress rules, bans on music and alcohol,prayer-time store closures and the mixing of unrelated men and women.
那时候,女性在公共场合骑自行车简直无法想象。在沙特阿拉伯,宗教警察巡视公共场合,确保人们穿着保守,禁止音乐和饮酒,祈祷时间商店关闭,并禁止不相关男女厮混在一起。
Now, three years later, Amirah often rides her same green bicycle along Jeddah’s seaside paths.Sometimes she rides by herself, other times with her husband and children.
如今,三年过去了,阿米拉常常在吉达的海边小道上骑着她那辆绿色的自行车。有时候一个人骑,有时候和她的丈夫孩子一起。
The new policy says that women must still be covered in an abaya when riding a bike.Abayas are loose-fitting, full-length robes.They are required public dress for Saudi women.
新政策表明,女性骑自行车时仍需身着长袍。长袍是一种宽松的、遮挡全身的罩袍。这是沙特女性公共场合穿的衣服。
But abayas are changing, too.In the past, women could only wear traditional black abayas.Now, Amirah chooses from several colors of abayas.She designs them herself.
不过长袍也正在改变。过去,女性只能穿传统的黑色长袍。如今,阿米拉有几种颜色的长袍可供选择,她自己亲自设计长袍。
“Jeddah today isn’t the same as Jeddah five, six years ago,” she said.“The scrutiny on clothes (has eased), there’s more places to go, working opportunities for women are the same as for men.”
她说,“如今的吉达和五六年前不一样了,对衣服的审查没那么严格了,可以去的地方也变多了,男女工作机会也均等了。”
In recent years, Saudi Arabia has been changing from its more traditional past.
近几年,沙特阿拉伯也从更传统的过去悄然发生变化。
Under a reform program aimed at modernizing the kingdom and reducing its economy’s dependence on oil,Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has eased social restrictions.He has also ended a 40-year ban on movie theaters.And he has reduced the activities of the religious police.
在一项旨在使沙特走向现代化,减少经济上对石油的依赖的改革计划下,沙特王储穆罕默德·本·萨勒曼减少了社会限制,取消了对电影院为期四十年的禁令,还减少了宗教警察的活动。
Last year, the government announced it would permit women to drive cars, something Amirah is very ready for.
去年,政府宣布允许女性驾驶汽车,对此,阿米拉期待已久。
“It’s not like I want to drive just because I want to drive,” she said,It’s a need.”
她说,“我不是单纯地想开车,开车是一种需要。”
Amirah is a 30 year-old mother of two children.She has a full-time job teaching graphic design at Jeddah International College.She works on other design projects outside of work, as well.And she sells her handmade abayas.
现年30岁的阿米拉是两个孩子的妈妈。她有一份在吉达国际学院教授平面设计的全职工作。工作之余她也承接别的设计项目,她还卖自己做的长袍。
In her free time, she does yoga.She also does strength training at an exercise center.
她闲时做做瑜伽,也会在运动中心做力量训练。
Amirah is part of a young generation of Saudi women seizing new chances.
阿米拉是沙特女性中的年轻一代,抓住了新的机遇。
Yet she realizes that not all women in this country of 32 million people have the same chances as her.Tribal customs, authoritative male relatives and religious conservatism keep many Saudi women from having the same rights.
不过她意识到在这个国家3200万人中,并不是所有的女性都能和她有一样的机会。部落的习俗,权威男性亲属与宗教保守派不让沙特女性享受与他们相同的权利。
“She can be (modern) but her family isn’t,” Amirah says of Saudi women.“She can be like this but her husband doesn’t allow it.”She adds that she believes some people oppose the new reforms.
提到沙特女性,阿米拉说,“女性可以变得现代化但是她的家庭不会,女性可以这样但是她的丈夫不允许。”她还说她相信有一些人是反对新的改革的。
“There’s a change, that’s true, but I’m talking about something very miniscule,” she said.“I don’t know about other places, other cities.I’m just talking about Jeddah.”
她说,“现在在发生变化,这是真的,但是我说的是一些很小的事情,我不清楚别的地方、别的城市,我只是说吉达而已。”
I’m Phil Dierking.
菲尔·迪金报道。

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