印度爆发尼帕病毒疫情 分享到
Deadly Brain-Damaging Virus Outbreak in India 2018-06-0761983

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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.
这里是美国之音慢速英语健康与生活报道。
An outbreak of a brain-destroying virus is currently happening in the Kerala state of India.
印度喀拉拉邦目前爆发一种可以损伤大脑的病毒。
The number of people who have died from Nipah is relatively small. Officials from India’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare said in a statement to the press that this is not a “major outbreak” and is only a “local occurrence.” They cannot confirm the origin of the outbreak. But they can confirm that it is spreading between humans.
死于尼帕病毒的人数相对较少。印度卫生和家庭福利部的官员在一份给媒体的声明中说,这不是一次“大爆发”,只是一次“局部事件”。他们无法确认疫情的来源。但他们可以证实这种病毒正在人类之间传播。
So far, the Nipah virus has killed more than a dozen people. The victims include a 31-year old nurse in Kerala.Lini Puthussery was part of a team treating the first Nipah patients. She was also a wife and the mother of two young children. Her body was cremated quickly so the infection would not spread.
到目前为止,尼帕病毒已经造成12多人死亡。遇难者包括一名31岁的喀拉拉邦护士。利尼·帕塞里是首批尼帕病毒患者治疗团队的医护人员。她也是一名妻子和两个孩子的母亲。她的尸体很快火化,因此感染不会扩散。
Health officials are most concerned about the high mortality rate of the disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) lists the Nipah virus as a developing disease that could cause a global pandemic. Ebola and Zika are also on this list.
卫生官员最关心的是这种疾病的高死亡率。世界卫生组织(WHO)将尼帕病毒列为可能蔓延至全球的流行疾病。这一名单上就包括埃博拉病毒和寨卡病毒。
Those who contract Nipah show signs of the disease quickly. Early signs include fever, sleepiness, vomiting and mental confusion.
感染尼帕病毒的人很快就会显现出疾病的症状。早期症状包括发烧、嗜睡、呕吐和精神错乱。
An infected person may also suffer from a cough or have difficulty breathing. As the disease progresses, signs often include uncontrollable shaking and encephalitis, or swelling of the brain.
受感染的人也可能咳嗽或呼吸困难。随着病情的发展,症状通常会转变为无法控制的颤抖和脑炎,或者大脑肿胀。
Experts at the WHO say these symptoms can progress to a coma within 24-48 hours.
世界卫生组织的专家说,这些症状可以在24-48小时内发展为昏迷。
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States explains on its website that “transmission of Nipah virus to humans may occur after direct contact with infected bats, infected pigs, or from other NiV (Nipah virus) infected people.”
美国疾病控制和预防中心在其网站上解释说“在与受感染的蝙蝠、受感染的猪或其他受感染的人直接接触后,尼帕病毒可能会传播给人类。”
The WHO includes all animals in its explanation.“Nipah virus can be transmitted to humans from animals (such as bats or pigs), or contaminated foods and can also be transmitted directly from human-to-human.”
世界卫生组织也谈到了所有的动物。“尼帕病毒可通过动物(如蝙蝠或猪)或受污染的食物传播给人类,也可直接人传人。”
The CDC explains that the Nipah virus is named for a village in Malaysia. Nipah was first discovered there in 1999. At that time, the virus mostly infected pig farmers and those who had contact with pigs. At least 300 people in Malaysia and Singapore were infected, and more than 100 people died.
美国疾病控制和预防中心解释说,尼帕病毒是以马来西亚的一个村庄命名的。尼帕病毒于1999年首次在该地被发现。当时,该病毒主要感染猪农和与猪有接触的人。马来西亚和新加坡至少有300人感染,100多人死亡。
The CDC adds that, to control that outbreak, officials killed more than one million pigs. In this outbreak bats infected pigs and then pigs infected humans. There was no occurrence of person-to-person transmission in this outbreak.
疾控中心补充说,为了控制疫情,官员们杀死了100多万头猪。在这次病毒爆发中,蝙蝠传染了猪,然后猪也传染了人类。在这次疫情中没有发生人与人之间的传播。
However, in Bangladesh and India the CDC states that person-to-person transmission is “regularly reported.”
然而,在孟加拉国和印度,疾控中心指出,“定期有报告称”病毒在人与人之间传播。
Its site adds that this “is most commonly seen in the family and caregivers of Nipah virus-infected patients.”In this area, people can also get Nipah from contact with infected bats.
该网站还说,这“在尼帕病毒感染者的家人和看护人员中最为常见”。在这个地区,人们也可以通过接触受感染的蝙蝠而感染尼帕病毒。
The Science News website reports that there was a Nipah outbreak in Bangladesh from 2001 to 2007.People caught the disease after drinking contaminated fruit fluids that virus-carrying bats had also drank.
科学新闻网站报道,2001年至2007年,孟加拉国爆发了尼帕病毒疫情。人们在饮用了携带病毒的蝙蝠喝过的脏水后患上了这种疾病。
There is no cure for Nipah or vaccine to protect against it.
目前还没有治疗尼帕病毒的方法或可预防的疫苗。
And that’s the Health & Lifestyle report. I’m Anna Matteo.
这就是健康和生活方式报告。我是安娜·马特奥。

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