谷歌纪念阿普加量救生测试法之母 分享到
Google Honors Doctor Who Created Life-Saving APGAR Test 2018-06-0952315

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这里是今日热点栏目。
The search engine Google is honoring the life of an American doctor who developed a system for measuring a newborn baby’s health.
搜索引擎谷歌纪念一位美国医生,她发明了一个可以检测新生儿健康情况的系统。
Virginia Apgar is the subject of the Google home page’s latest Doodle. Thursday would have been Apgar’s 109th birthday.
维吉尼亚·阿普加成为了谷歌首页最新涂鸦的主题。周四是阿普加诞辰109年纪念日。
As Google explains, Apgar’s "presence can still be felt in delivery rooms across the globe."
谷歌表示,阿普加的“存在仍能在全球产房中感受到。”
As a medical student, Apgar noted that a number of babies that had seemed healthy at birth were dying soon after leaving the hospital. This was because there was no commonly used method for measuring newborn health.
阿普加是一位医学学生时就注意到,许多孩子出生时似乎很健康,但是离开医院后不久就会死去。这是因为没有通用的方法可以检测新生儿的健康。
In 1952, she created a life-saving test. This five-step test has doctors examine the appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, and respiration of newborns. The test is easy to remember. The first letter of each step spells Apgar: A-P-G-A-R.
1952年,她发明了一种救生测试法。这种五步测试法群要求医生检测新生儿的外表、脉搏、脸部怪象、活动和呼吸。检测方法非常好记。每一步的首席母拼成了阿普加的名字:阿-普-加。
Doctors score each part score of zero to two, with the highest total score being 10. They examine the newborns one minute after birth and then again five minutes after birth. The scores help doctors identify whether a baby has health issues requiring extra care.
医生给每一部分的评分从0到2分不等,最高分10分。新生儿出生一分钟后就进行检查,出生五分钟后再进行一次。这个分数可以帮助医生确认,婴儿是否有健康问题,需要额外照料。
The APGAR test soon spread in America and around the world. It is still widely used today.
阿普加测试法很快在美国普及,并传往全世界。今天也仍广泛应用。
Apgar’s life included many other successes. In 1949, she became the first woman to be named a full professor at the medical school she attended, Columbia University’s College of Physicians and Surgeons, in New York City.
阿普加的一生还取得了许多其他成就。1949年,她成为了自己就读的医学院-纽约市哥伦比亚大学外科学院第一名女性全职教授。
Later, she led the birth defects department at the organization known today as the March of Dimes.
之后,她成为了先天缺陷部门负责人也就是今天的畸形儿童基金会。
Thursday’s Google Doodle appeared for internet users in the United States, as well as Japan, India, Israel, Chile, Argentina, Australia and several European nations.
周四的谷歌首页涂鸦出现在美国、日本、印度、以色列、智利、阿根廷、澳大利亚和其他几个欧洲国家的网络用户电脑上。
Apgar was born on June 7, 1909. She died in 1974 at the age of 65.
阿普加出生于1909年6月7日。于1974年去世,享年65岁。
In 1995, she was admitted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame.
1995年,她入选美国全国女性名人堂。
And that’s What’s Trending Today.
以上就是今日热点的全部内容。
I’m Caty Weaver.
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