言论自由之战——媒体能批评政府官员吗 分享到
Can the Media Criticize Government Officials? 2018-06-1467935

中英
Việt-Anh
ไทย-อังกฤษ
英文

双击原文单词查看解释

原文跟读

Clashes between the media and government officials are nothing new.
媒体和政府官员之间的冲突早已不是什么新鲜事了。
One clash goes back to 1960, when The New York Times newspaper published an advertisement from a civil rights group.
其中的一个冲突可以追溯到1960年,当时《纽约时报》刊登了一个民权组织的宣传。
The ad objected to violence against peaceful protesters.It said that student activists in Montgomery, Alabama. had gathered at the State Capitol and sung “My Country ‘Tis of Thee” to call attention to African-Americans’ rights under the U.S. Constitution.
该宣传反对暴力对待和平抗议者。其报道了阿拉巴马州蒙哥马利的学生积极分子聚集在州议会大厦,高唱着“我的祖国是你”呼吁关注美国宪法下的非裔美国黑人人权问题。
In answer, the ad said, student leaders of the protest were expelled from school and armed police circled the grounds of a local college.
据该报道称:对这些学生积极分子的回应是组织抗议的学生领袖被学校开除,武装警察包围了当地的一所大学。
A city official from Montgomery criticized the newspaper ad for misleading information.L.B. Sullivan launched a case against The Times for libel – publishing information that damaged his reputation.
蒙哥马利市的一名城市官员斥责报纸广告信息误导民众。沙利文以诽谤罪控告《泰晤士报》诽谤称其发表的消息损毁了他的声誉。
The Supreme Court ruled against him.Yes, the justices said, the ad did not have all the details right.The students had song a different patriotic song, “The Star-Spangled Banner.”And the police did not technically surround the college campus.
最高法院驳回了他的控告。是的,法官说:没有所有的细节都正确的广告。这次学生唱了一首不同的爱国歌曲“星条旗永不落”。警察也没有包围大学校园。
But, the court said, these mistakes were minor and harmless.More important was the First Amendment’s right to free speech.
法院称:但是这些错误是一些小错误并且是无害的。更加重要的是宪法第一修正案赋予了言论自由的权利。
In this case, the Supreme Court protected people’s right to speak up against government officials, even if the attacks are unpleasant.
在这个案例中,最高法院保护人民公开反对政府官员的权利,即使这些言论令人不快。

点击加载更多

我的生词本