研究:大多数美国人喜欢数学和科学课 分享到
Study: Most Americans Liked Math and Science Classes 2018-04-02138370

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Many studies have predicted there will be a great need for future workers skilled in jobs related to science, technology, engineering and math. In education, these areas of study are known as STEM.
许多研究已经预测,将来从事科学、技术、工程和数学相关工作的工作者市场需求很大。在教育领域,这些研究领域被称为STEM。
Research suggests it is important to get students involved in STEM subjects as early as possible, starting in middle school or even before.
研究表明,尽早让学生学习STEM学科十分重要,特别是从中学甚至是小学就开始学习。
While STEM education programs have been increasing in many areas across America, there remains a lack of interest in the subjects by many younger students.
尽管美国许多地区的STEM教育项目都在不断增加,但许多年轻学生对这些学科仍然缺乏兴趣。
The U.S. Department of Education has estimated that once students reach their last year of high school, only 16 percent are interested in a STEM career. A department study also found that even among those who do choose to study STEM subjects in college, only about half decide to work in a STEM-related job.
美国教育部估计,一旦学生进入高中最后一年,只有16%的人对STEM职业感兴趣。一份部门研究还发现,即使是那些选择在大学里学习STEM学科的人,也只有大约一半的人决定从事与STEM相关的工作。
A survey released this year by Pew Research Center asked American adults why they believe many young people do not want to study math and science subjects.
皮尤研究中心今年发布了一项调查,询问美国成年人为什么认为许多年轻人不想上数学和科学课。
About 64 percent of those questioned said they think the main reason is that students consider STEM studies either too hard (52 percent) or too boring (12 percent). More than 20 percent blamed the lack of interest on the belief that a STEM degree might not be useful in the job market.
约64%的受访者认为,主要原因是学生们认为STEM研究要么太难(52%),要么太无聊(12%)。超过20%的人认为STEM学位在就业市场上可能没多大用,因此缺乏兴趣。
The study found about one-third of Americans would tell a high school student seeking career guidance to study a STEM-related field. About 19 percent of them said they would suggest a health-related STEM career.And fourteen percent would tell them to center on technology.
这项研究发现,大约三分之一的美国人会告诉那些寻求职业指导的高中生,要学习与STEM相关的领域。其中约19%的人表示他们会建议学习与卫生相关的STEM职业。14%的人会告诉他们要从事技术领域。
STEM careers made up about 13 percent of the total U.S. work force in 2016. However, the number of STEM-related jobs – especially in health and computer areas – has risen much faster than other areas for years.
2016年,STEM职业约占美国劳动力总数的13%。然而多年来,与STEM相关的工作,尤其是在卫生和计算机领域的工作,比其他领域增长得快得多。
In its latest new study on STEM-related education, Pew also looked at the feelings American adults have about their own classroom experiences in math and science.
皮尤研究中心一项关于STEM教育的最新研究观察了美国成年人在数学和科学课堂上的感受。
It might surprise some people to learn that 58 percent of adults in America said they enjoyed their math class experiences in grades K-12.Of the American adults who had good memories of their math classes, 61 percent said the main reason was because they liked the subject matter.
有些人可能会惊讶地发现,58%的美国成年人说他们喜欢K-12年级的数学课。对数学课有美好回忆的美国成年人中,61%的人说主要原因是他们喜欢这个课。
Of the 42 percent who said they did not like their math classes, 59 percent said it was because they did not enjoy the subject matter.
而42%不喜欢的人中,有59%的人说他们不喜欢一数学这学科。
The study found that 62 percent of men reported liking math class, compared to 53 percent of women.
研究发现,62%的男性称自己喜欢数学课,而女性的这一比例为53%。
When asked about science, even more American adults said they enjoyed their classroom experiences. More than 75 percent said they liked science in grades K-12. Nearly half of those questioned said they liked both science and math classes.
而喜欢科学课的美国成年人更多。超过75%的人说他们喜欢K-12年级的科学课。近一半的受访者表示,他们科学和数学课都喜欢。
About 10 percent said they liked math but not science, while nearly one-third disliked math, but liked science. Just 14 percent said they disliked both math and science classes.
约有10%的人说他们喜欢数学,但不喜欢科学,而有近三分之一的人不喜欢数学,但喜欢科学。只有14%的人说数学和科学课都不喜欢。
A majority of adult American STEM workers, 66 percent, said they liked both math and science classes. This compared to about 45 percent of people working in non-STEM fields. Only five percent of STEM workers said they disliked both science and math.
美国大多数从事STEM工作的成年人中,66%的人说他们喜欢数学和科学课。相比之下,在非STEM领域工作的人约占45%。只有5%的STEM工作者表示他们不喜欢科学和数学。
I’m Bryan Lynn.
我是布莱恩·林恩。

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