You probably know a lot of food words, such as bread, apple and rice. But knowing which foods are countable and which are not can be tricky.
In today’s Ask a Teacher, Abdo from Sudan writes:
How do I know which foods can be plural? For example, if I want two of some food, can I say, "I would like two beefs" or "I would like two breads"?
我如何才能知道哪种食物类单词可以变复数？例如，如果我想要两份某种食物，我可不可以说“I would like two beefs”或是“I would like two breads”。
Hello Abdo and thanks for writing to us!
To answer your question, it depends on where you are asking for these things.
If you are asking for bread in a restaurant, you’re probably asking for slices (or pieces), but in a bakery, you’re probably asking for loaves. If you are asking for beef in a market, you’re probably asking for grams. But, in a restaurant, you’re likely to ask for pieces.
In other words, you do not add an "–s" to "beef" or "bread." That is because these foods are noncount nouns – nouns that have only one form. They do not have a plural. Meats, grains and liquids are usually noncount nouns. Sugar, salt and pepper are, too.
To show you are talking about more than one of these nouns, you put another word or phrase in front of them. Often different foods take different wording.
Below are some common phrases you might use:
Two bowls of rice
Two ears of corn
Two bags of flour
Two pieces or loaves of bread
Piece also works for meats when you are asking for an amount of food for a plate:
Two pieces of chicken
Two pieces of lamb
Two pieces of fish
Two pieces of beef
If you are shopping in a market, you might ask for two grams of chicken, lamb or other meat.
With liquids, you often describe the container it comes in.
Two glasses of water, milk or juice
Two cups of coffee or tea
Two cans or bottles of soda
Two pitchers of lemonade
For sugar, salt and pepper, it also depends on whether you are purchasing an amount or just want a small amount for your meal.
Two packs or bags of sugar or
Two pinches or shakers of salt or pepper
The good news is that most other food nouns are count nouns. They have singular and plural forms. For example, "apple" is a singular count noun. To make it plural, you can just write or say "apples." Whew! That is a lot easier.
And that’s Ask a Teacher.
I’m Alice Bryant.