开奖!美国气候变化研究人员获得诺贝尔经济学奖 分享到
US Climate Change Researchers Win Nobel Prize in Economics 2018-10-11129660

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The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has announced the Nobel Prize in economics will go to two American researchers.
瑞典皇家科学院宣布,2018年诺贝尔经济学奖将授予两名美国研究人员。
William Nordhaus of Yale University and Paul Romer of New York University will share the $1 million prize.
耶鲁大学的威廉·诺德豪斯和纽约大学的保罗·罗默将共享100万美元奖金。
One received the award for his findings on the economics of climate change.The other winner discovered a method for fighting the problem.
其中一人因其对气候变化经济学的研究成果而获奖。另一位获奖者发现了解决这一问题的一种方法。
Nordhaus has called for a worldwide tax on any activities that produce the waste gas carbon dioxide.The burning of fossil fuels create major carbon dioxide releases.The gas traps heat in the atmosphere causing worldwide warming.
诺德豪斯呼吁对任何产生废气二氧化碳的活动征收全球税。化石燃料的燃烧造成了大量的二氧化碳排放。二氧化碳在大气中吸收热量,导致全球变暖。
Carbon taxes let producers pay for the costs of these releases.Carbon tax policies are designed to lead companies to find new ways to reduce pollution.
碳税让生产者为这些释放的代价买单。碳排放税政策旨在引导企业找到减少污染的新方法。
Romer has studied the way innovation creates profit increase.He has looked at ways to support that process.After the Nobel announcement, Romer told reporters that his work makes him hopeful that people can solve the problem of a warming planet.
罗默研究成果是创新创造利润增长的方式。他已经着眼于怎样实现这一方式。在诺贝尔奖宣布后,罗默对记者说,他的工作让他对于人们可以解决全球变暖的问题充满希望。
“Many people think that dealing with protecting the environment will be so costly and so hard that they just want to ignore the problem.They want to deny it exists,” Romer said.“I hope the prize today could help everyone see that humans are capable of amazing accomplishments when we set about trying to do something.”
“许多人认为,保护环境这件事代价特别高,也特别难,以至于他们只想忽略这个问题。他们想要否认环境问题的存在,”罗默说。“我希望今天的这个奖能帮助每个人看到,当我们开始尝试做某件事时,便可以取得令人惊叹的成就。”
The two researchers worked separately.But their research connects on an issue that has become increasingly important.The question of climate change remains politically difficult, especially in big oil-producing countries.
这两位研究人员并不在一起工作。但他们的研究都与一个日益重要的问题有联系。气候变化问题在政治上仍是难以解决的,尤其是在大型产油国。
David Warsh is the writer of the 2007 book, “Knowledge and the Wealth of Nations.”He told the Associated Press that giving both Romer and Nordhaus the Nobel Prize was a great idea.
大卫·沃什是2007年出版的《知识与国家财富》一书的作者。他告诉美联社,将奖项同时授予罗默和诺德豪斯诺贝尔奖是一个好主意。
He said “Nordhaus has been concerned all along with repairing the damage” to the environment.Romer, he said, has been writing about the methods available to deal with such a technological challenge.
他说,“诺德豪斯一直在关注弥补环境破坏。”罗默一直在可用于解决这一技术挑战的方法方面做研究。
Per Stromberg is the head of the Nobel economics prize committee.He said the award is “about the long-run future of the world economy.”
斯特伦伯格是诺贝尔经济学奖委员会主席。他说,这个奖项是“关于世界经济的长期未来发展”。
On Sunday, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released a report about global warming.It said extreme measures must be taken to avoid environmental disaster.The scientists said humans must act now to limit warming to a half degree Celsius.That is a half-degree lower than the current internationally agreed-upon goal.
周日,联合国政府间气候变化专门委员会发布了一份关于全球变暖的报告。该机构表示,必须采取极端措施,以避免环境灾难。科学家们说,人类必须现在采取行动,将气候变暖范围限制到0.5摄氏度以内。这比当前国际商定的目标低了一半。
The IPCC has won a Nobel itself.The group is part of the United Nations.Its latest report noted Nordhaus in its research.
IPCC本身也获得了诺贝尔奖。该组织是联合国的一部分。它的最新报告提到了诺德豪斯的研究。
The economics prize is the last of the Nobel awards to be announced this year.
诺贝尔经济学奖是今年宣布的最后一项诺贝尔奖。
I’m Dorothy Gundy.
多罗茜·甘迪报道。

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