现代科学能够终止艾滋病传播 分享到
We Have the Tools to End AIDS Now 2017-11-2874278

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Since the 1980s when AIDS was a death sentence,Dr. Anthony Fauci has been working to end the pandemic.Now he says we have the tools to do it.
自上世纪80年代得了艾滋病就等于被判处死刑以来,Anthony Fauci博士一直致力于终结这个全球流行病。现在他说我们已经具备了这个条件。
What I mean is that we have extraordinarily effective drugsbut recently those drugs have been shown over the past few years, not only to save the lives of the people who take the drugsbut also to bring the level of virus in an infected person so low but a little detectable level that it makes it virtually impossible for that person to transmit the virus to someone else.Drug therapy is now simplifiedand many people in developing countries have access to the most recent drugs.We also have Truvada, a drug that prevents people who don’t have HIV from getting it.UNAIDS reports that more than half of all people living with HIV are getting treatedbut another 16 million people infected with the virus are not on medication. Many of them don’t know they have HIV so they pass it on others.
我的意思是,我们有非常有效的药物而最近这些药物已被证明在过去的几年中,不仅挽救了服用这些药物的人,还让已经患上艾滋病的患者的艾滋病毒被控制在一个非常低的仅仅可以检测到的水平,这使得患者在生活中几乎不可能把病毒传染给别人。药物治疗现在已经简化,发展中国家的许多人可以接触到最新的药物。比如Truvada,能用来防止那些没有艾滋病病毒的人感染此疾病。联合国艾滋病报告说,超过一半的艾滋病毒感染者正在接受治疗,但另有1600万感染了这种病毒的人没有服用药物,可其中很多人却根本知道他们携带有艾滋病毒,所以他们继续传染给别人。
In order to get a durable end to the epidemic, we would be greatly helped by an HIV vaccine.A vaccine trial in Thailand proved to be 31% effective.Compare that to the measles vaccine which is 99% effective, can scientists develop an AIDS vaccine that is that good?
为了能永久地结束这种流行病,艾滋病疫苗将对我们有极大的帮助。泰国的一次疫苗试验被证明是有效性为百分之三十一,可与百分之九十九有效的麻疹疫苗相比,科学家能研制出这种艾滋病疫苗吗?
I don’t think we’re gonna get there with an HIV vaccinebut even a vaccine that’s 50, 55 at the most 60% effective together with the implementation of the other advances we have,I believe we could turn around the trajectory of the epidemic and essentially end it as we know it.
我认为我们目前的技术还达不到,但即使是百分子五十,五十五,六十有效的疫苗,如果实施的好,其他预先工作也能跟进,我相信我们可以扭转疫情的轨迹,基本上能使它终结。
Another vaccine trial is taking place in South Africa.The results won’t be in for a whileand there’s no way of telling if it will be good enough to help end AIDS.In the meantime more people need to get tested and have access to health care.UNAIDS reports that in Sub-Saharan Africa, new HIV infections have fallen by half since 2000but in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, HIV infections have risen 60% over the past several years.Both Fauci and UNAIDS say ending the pandemic is up to the global communityand how much effort and money it’s willing to commit towards this goal.
另一个疫苗试验正在南非进行。结果不会立竿见影,也就无法确定它是否有助于终结艾滋病。与此同时,更多的人需要接受检查并获得医疗保健。联合国艾滋病规划署报告说,在撒哈拉以南的非洲,新的艾滋病毒感染率自2000年以来下降了一半,但在东欧和中亚,艾滋病毒感染人数在过去几年中上升了百分之六十个点。Fauci教授和联合国艾滋病规划署说,结束这个全球流行病在于全球各个国家的共同干预,还有他们愿意为此付出的努力和金钱。
Carol Pearson, VOA News, Washington.
美国之音新闻,Carol Pearson华盛顿报道。

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