美国支持安哥拉女性排雷 分享到
U.S. Supports Women Demining in Angola 2018-03-2940530

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Next, an editorial reflecting the views of the United States government.
接下来,是一篇反映美国政府观点的社论。
Angola is one of the world’s most heavily mined countries. Decades of fighting for independence, followed by a quarter century of civil war that ended in 2002, left the country in tatters—and heavily sown with landmines. During the civil war, both sides liberally deployed landmines to protect military bases,key infrastructure and troop billets, and to control the population’s movement.
安哥拉是世界上地雷分布最密集的国家之一。几十年的独立战争,之后又经历了于2002年结束的长达25年的内战,使该国遭受重创——分布着密集的地雷。内战期间,交战双方肆意掩埋地雷以保护军事基地,核心基础设施和军营,以及控制人口流动。
Benguela Province is one of the country’s most mine-affected regions.Half the population lives in rural areas, where the vast majority of explosive remnants of war are found.It is one of the reasons why development has stagnated there. Unemployment is high. Some 94 percent of the population lives on less than 5 dollars per day, with 67 percent surviving on less than 2 dollars per day.
本格拉省是该国受地雷影响最严重的地区之一。半数人口生活在农村地区,在那里发现了绝大多数的战争爆炸遗留物。这就是为什么该地区发展停滞的原因之一。该地失业率很高。约百分之九十四的人口每天消费低于5美元,百分之六十七的人每天消费不到2美元。
HALO Trust, a non-political and non-religious British charity and American non-profit organization which specializes in removal of debris left behind by war, has found a way to address both these issues, and more.Its 100 Women in Demining in Angola project, which is supported by the U.S. Department of State, trains and employs women deminers to clear some of the most dangerous minefields in the country.Ultimately, the project assists in creating safe spaces for rural development that benefit Beguela’s mine-impacted populations.
哈洛信托会是一个非政治、非宗教的英国慈善机构和美国非营利组织,专门清理战争遗留的残骸,该组织已经找到方法解决这些问题和其他更多问题。该组织的100名女性安哥拉排雷项目,受到美国国务院支持,该项目培训和雇佣女性排雷员清理该国一些最危险的雷区。最终,该项目为农村发展创造安全环境,造福本格拉受地雷影响的人群。
But the program’s benefits reach far beyond clearing the land of mines. The work teaches the women new skills, provides them with income and empowers them.The project specifically promotes gender equality in employment, offering women opportunities in geographical areas and sectors of the economy that have traditionally been male-dominated. All positions at all levels are open to the women,ranging from basic manual demining to logistical, medical, and technical support personnel, team leaders, minefield supervisors, and a provincial operations manager to oversee the entire operation.
但这一计划的利益不只在于清理雷区。这项工作教授了女性新技能,为她们提供收入并赋予她们权利。该项目特别促进了两性平等就业,为女性在地理和经济领域提供机会,这些领域传统上是男性主导的。各个级别的所有职位都向女性开放,从基础的手工排雷到后勤、医疗和技术辅助人员、团队领导者、雷区监管员和监督整个操作流程的地方运营经理。
As the majority of the recruits come from the local districts,the project allows them to take a central role in the stabilization and development of their home communities. When local women have a say in how mine clearance operations are conducted,they have a chance to be involved in shaping outcomes for themselves, their families, their communities and their country as a whole.
由于大多数新成员来自当地,该项目使她们在维护家乡稳定、促进家乡发展方面扮演主要角色。在当地女性就如何实施排雷有发言权时,她们就有机会为自己、家人、社区和整个国家的发展贡献力量。

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