蒙古首都乌兰巴托:世界雾霾最严重城市 分享到
Coal Stoves Make Ulaanbaatar the World’s Most Polluted City 2017-12-1757167

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In most big cities the major polluters are cars but in Mongolia’s capital Ulaanbaatar, the culprit is coal.Burned in ‘gers’ is they’re called these traditional homes are off the grid.It’s an ancient way of life but it’s also filling the air with dangerous and unhealthy particular matter.
在大多数大城市的主要污染源是汽车,但在蒙古首都乌兰巴托,罪魁祸首是煤炭。“蒙古包”里面燃烧着煤炭,蒙古包是他们传统的住宅,没有接入电网。这是一个古老的生活方式,但同时也造成空气了中有害污染物的增加 。
My kids get sick too often because of air pollution.It is so difficult to breathe in the smoke especially early in the morning and in evenings.
因为空气污染我的孩子经常生病。在这种烟雾中根本没法呼吸,特别是在早晨和晚上。
In the winter more than half of the city’s 1.3 million residents stay warm by burning coal and even plastic and rubber tires that’s makes Mongolia’s capital the most polluted city in the world.Our school does not have air purifiers. I hope in future the government will provide them.
在冬天,占城市一半以上人口的130万居民,烧煤甚至塑料和橡胶轮胎来取暖,使得蒙古的首都成为世界上污染最严重的城市没有之一。我们的学校没有空气净化器,我今后希望政府能为我们提供。
A government study blames pollution for thousands of deaths every year between 2004 and 2014 the range for this one decade,the cases of respiratory infection and cardiovascular disease, both are leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Mongolia have been doubled.
一项政府研究显示空气污染使得每年数千人死亡。2004到2014这十年之间,呼吸感染和心血管疾病,无论是发病率和死亡率的在蒙古已经翻了一番,是数一数二的重病。
There’s an increased chance children here will develop asthma or get pneumonia the risks are high for pregnant women as well.
这里的孩子患哮喘或肺炎的风险越来越高,还有孕妇也是。
There was a 3.6 times increase in miscarriages and stillbirth if you compare world marks to into it.
还有和世界平均水平相比,流产死胎率要增加了3.6倍…
But solutions are hard to come by. Lack of affordable housing is the main issue and obviously the only solution to the air pollution that is to move people from the gers districts into apartments where electricity is provided, heating is provided, from essentially.
但解决方案是很难指定的,经济适用房不足是主要问题,显然解决空气污染的唯一途径是使居民从蒙古包区转移到电力供热的公寓区,这是根本上的方法。
But an estimated 62% of Ulaanbaatar’s population live in gers, making it unlikely the problem will be solved anytime soon.
但据估计,乌兰巴托62%的人口生活在蒙古包,使得这个问题不可能很快被解决。
Kevin Enochs, VOA News
美国之音新闻,Kevin Enochs报道。

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