人为原因加重也门霍乱危机 分享到
In Yemen, A Man-Made Epidemic 2017-08-3153574

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Next, an editorial reflecting the views of the United States government.
接下来,是一篇反映美国政府观点的社论。
Yemen is in the midst of a humanitarian crisis of rare proportions. According to the United Nations, around 17 million people go hungry more often than not, and 21 million are in need of humanitarian aid.Around 2 million Yemeni children are acutely malnourished.
也门人道主义危机极其严重。据联合国数据显示,约1700万人经常遭受饥饿,2100万人需要人道主义援助。约200万也门儿童严重营养不良。
To make matters worse, Yemen is experiencing an outbreak of cholera, possibly the worst in history:some 500,000 people have contracted the disease since late April. About two thousand have already died of it, most of them children under 15 and people over the age of 60. The disease, which is caused by water contaminated with the Vibrio bacterium,is characterized by diarrhea, stomach pains and severe dehydration.
更糟糕的是,也门正爆发霍乱,严重程度创历史新高:自4月底,已有约50万人感染霍乱。约2000人死于该病,其中大多数是15岁以下儿童和60岁以上老人。该病由霍乱弧菌污染的水引发,症状是腹泻、胃痛和严重脱水。
Sadly, this humanitarian catastrophe is man-made. Nearly three years ago, war broke out when Houthi militias seized the capital of Sana’a. Within six months, and at the request of the Government of Yemen, a coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia began airstrikes on rebel positions to halt their southward expansion. The ongoing conflict has so far killed about 10,000 civilians, displaced millions, damaged public infrastructure,and interrupted the delivery of imports in a country that relies on them to feed its people.
令人感到悲哀的是也门人道主义危机是人为造成的。近3年前,战争爆发,胡塞武装组织占领也门首都萨那。6个月内,在也门政府的要求下,沙特阿拉伯王国领导的联盟开始空袭叛军所在地以阻止其向南扩张。持续的冲突迄今已造成约1万平民死亡、数百万人无家可归、破坏了公共基础设施、截断了国家赖以生存的进口物资的输送。
Today, much of Yemen’s infrastructure, including roads, hospitals, water storage and delivery, and sanitation systems, has been destroyed. Deteriorating sanitation and lack of access to clean water are largely to blame for the cholera epidemic that is presently killing about one person per hour in Yemen. Nearly all of the ill who receive medical treatment survive the disease.But unfortunately, nearly 15 million of Yemen’s population of 27.5 million have no access to basic medical care.
今天,大部分也门的基础设施,包括道路、医院、储水和供水系统、卫生系统都被破坏。恶化的卫生状况和清洁水的缺乏很大程度上是由于霍乱蔓延,也门现在每小时约有一人死于霍乱。几乎所有接受治疗的病人都可以存活。但不幸的是,也门2750万人口中有1500万人无法获取基本治疗。
Since the beginning of fiscal year 2017, the United States has contributed well over 467 million dollars to help alleviate the humanitarian disaster in Yemen.Although much of this aid is going toward food and nutrition, a substantial amount has been diverted toward fighting cholera.
自2017财年开始,美国捐赠4.67多亿美元用于帮助减轻也门人道主义灾难。尽管这些援助多用于提供食物和营养,但还有很大一部分用来战胜霍乱。
Alleviating the humanitarian crisis in Yemen “is top priority for the U.S. Agency for International Development,” said State Department spokesperson Heather Nauert.
减轻也门人道主义危机是美国国际开发署的首要任务,美国国务院发言人希瑟·诺尔特说。
We call on our partners around the globe, and the community of nations, to join us with generous donations of food, medicines and funds to help the people of Yemen.
我们呼吁全球伙伴和国际社会加入我们,慷慨捐赠食物、药品和资金帮助也门人民。

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