改变生活方式,降低患癌风险 分享到
Lifestyle Changes Lower Chances for Cancer 2018-02-1446091

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Scientists say, a healthy life requires five essential factors not smoking, keeping body weight in check,a regular physical activity, a healthy diet and limited alcohol consumption.Analyzing data collected over decades from about three hundred forty thousand people around the world,researchers in Britain found that those who met all five requirements were thirty two percent less likely to develop lung, breast or colon cancer, the most common cancers.
科学家们说,健康的生活需要具备五个基本要素:不吸烟,保持体重,定期运动,健康饮食和控制饮酒。通过分析几十年间收集来自世界各地约34万人的数据,英国研究人员发现满足这五项要求的人患肺癌、乳腺癌或结肠癌等常见癌症的几率降低了百分之三十二。
“Looking at things like obesity.It’s you may see different results, slightly different results in different studies.But when you add them all together into one set of analyses, it really helps give you a full picture of what’s going on.”
看看与肥胖类似的情况。你会看到不同的结果,不同的研究中结果会稍有差别。但是当你把它们都集中到一起作分析的时候,它能帮你全面了解事物。
Dr. Anne McTiernan, the researcher at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle,says the increased availability of food with high content of fat, sugar and salt, is contributing to rising rates of diabetes and obesity.Most people know they should avoid fast food yet, because it is so available many have trouble changing their diet.But Dr. McTiernan says people should not wait for the government or industry to make their food choices.
西雅图佛瑞德·哈钦森癌症研究中心的研究员安妮·麦克蒂安博士说,高脂肪、高糖和高盐食物的供应增加,是导致糖尿病和肥胖症发病率上升的原因。大多数人都知道他们不应该吃快餐,然而很多人都很难改变他们的饮食习惯。但麦克蒂安博士说,人们不应该等待政府或行业为他们的食品做出选择。
“I would say, get educated, figure out if you are gaining weight over time, figure out if you have a high risk of cancer.And then take steps yourself and things that you can do for yourself in your family.”Scientists, in the US, are working on a simple blood test that could detect several types of cancer much earlier than before,raising the chance of stopping its development.
我会说,去学习,搞清楚体重是否一直随时间增长,弄明白你是否是患癌高风险人群。然后开始采取措施,看自己可以在家里做点什么。在美国,科学家们正在进行一项简单的血检,该方法比以前的方法更早地检测出几种类型的癌症,增加了阻止癌症进一步发展的可能性。
“For some people, an early indication of cancer can be a teachable moment, a time where they’re more aware that they’re at risk.And that they could be making changes, and perhaps don’t want to make changes.”
对一些人而言表现出癌症早期征兆的时刻是最可教的时候,那时他们更能意识到自己处于危险之中。他们可能会做出改变,也或许他们就不想改了。
Dr. McTiernan says, her own research shows that getting someone who is overweight or obese to lose weight,or someone who is inactive to become active, can really reduce the risk of cancer.
麦克蒂安博士说,她的研究表明,让超重或肥胖的人减肥,或者让不活跃的人变得活跃,真的可以降低患癌症的风险。
George Putic VOA News.
VOA记者乔治报道。

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