Next, an editorial reflecting the views of the United States government.
In an effort to encourage the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, or North Korea, to dismantle its nuclear weapons program, the United Nations Security Council last year passed Resolution 2375, which imposes sanctions on North Korea.
The United States is determined to strictly implement this Resolution.“Members of the UN Security Council, and by extension all UN member-states, have unanimously agreed to fully enforce sanctions on North Korea,and we expect them to continue to honor those commitments,” said Secretary of State Mike Pompeo:“When sanctions are not enforced, the prospects for the successful denuclearization are diminished.Right now, North Korea is illegally smuggling petroleum products into the country at a level that far exceeds the quotas established by the United Nations.These illegal ship-to-ship transfers are the most prominent means by which this is happening.”
On August 21, the U.S. Department of the Treasury issued sanctions against two Russian shipping companies for the transfer of refined petroleum products to North Korean vessels and six vessels associated with those firms.The sanctions are pursuant to Executive Order 13810 of September 21, 2017,which targets persons involved in the ship-to-ship transfer of refined petroleum products with North Korea-flagged vessels, an activity expressly prohibited by the UN Security Council.The two companies are Primorye Maritime Logistics Co Ltd and Gudzon Shipping Co LLC.Both are based in the Russian port of Vladivostok.
Among the six Russian-flagged sanctioned vessels is the Patriot, which conducted two ship-to-ship transfers of oil in early 2018:1500 tons to the North Korea-flagged vessel Chong Rim 2 and another 2000 tons to the North Korea-flagged ship Chon Ma San.The buyer was the Taesong Bank, a North Korean entity that has previously been sanctioned by both the U.S. and the UN.“Ship-to-ship transfers with North Korea-flagged vessels from Russia or elsewhere of any goods being supplied,sold, or transferred to or from [North Korea]are prohibited under the U.N. Security Council resolutions on North Korea and are sanctionable under U.S. law,”said Secretary of the Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin in a written statement.“Consequences for violating these sanctions will remain in place until we have achieved the final, fully verified denuclearization of North Korea.”
在六艘悬挂俄罗斯国旗的被制裁船只中，“PATRIOT”轮今年早些时候曾两次通过船对船运输的方式，向朝鲜输送石油，其中包括一次为向朝鲜船只“CHONG RIM2”轮输送1500吨石油，一次向朝鲜船只“CHON MA SAN”轮输送2000吨石油，而买家为联合国和美国先前制裁的朝鲜实体Taesong Bank。“俄罗斯及其他地方的船对船运输悬挂朝鲜国旗的船只向朝鲜提供任何货物、买卖与运输任何货物进出朝鲜，都是联合国安理会有关朝鲜的决议所禁止的，也受美国法律的制裁，”财政部长Steven Mnuchin在一份书面声明中提到。“在我们实现朝鲜最终、全面核实的无核化之前，如果违反这些制裁，后果将一直存在。”