全球肥胖大战:吃与思 分享到
Global Obesity Battle: What You Eat and How You Think 2018-03-1192463

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Los Angeles resident Kathleen Mulcahy has been fighting with her weight for 55 years.My parents had a baby, a son and he died at birth and so that was sort of I was 7 and I think that was the time I started gaining weight.My mother died when I was 12 very suddenly and then my weight just escalated, she is not alone.A growing number of people are overweight or obese particularly in urban areas worldwide including developing countries.
洛杉矶居民Kathleen Mulcahy已经与和她的体重抗争了55年了。我的父母有一个孩子,一个儿子,他出生时就死了,我那时候7岁,我想那是我刚开始发胖的时候。我12岁的时候妈妈突然去世,我的体重急剧上升。她并不是一个人在战斗。在世界范围内越来越多的人超重或肥胖,尤其是城市区域,其中包括发展中国家。
Fast foods, transnational corporations, soft drink companies going into these developing countries,are having a very huge influence on the overweight and obesity epidemic because they’re adding calories and processed foods, salt and sugar into the diet that these people have not normally been eating.People’s lifestyles are also changing in developing countries.As people urbanize and make more money and have more sedentary lives, they are also putting on weight and following the pattern of the United States.
快餐业、跨国公司和软饮公司进入这些发展中国家,对超重和肥胖的流行产生了巨大的影响,因为他们在这些人群的饮食中添加了他们通常不摄入的过多的热量、精加工食物、还有过多的盐分和糖分。发展中国家人民的生活方式也在改变。人的城市化进程,钱赚的越来越多以及更多的久坐不动的生活,他们的体重也在步美国的后尘。
Psychotherapist Dena Solomon says there is also another reason why people are gaining weight globally.You know people are moving away from their family of origin.They don’t have a support system that’s going to help them also manage and have relationships as options for dealing with stress so people are turning to food.
精神治疗医师Dena Solomon给了为什么全球范围内人们体重增长的另一个原因。你知道,人们都在背井离乡的生活,他们没有了系统化的支持,没有了能帮助他们管理和压力或者建立人际的选择,所以人们转向食物寻求帮助。
While fad diet may help with quick weight loss, keeping off the weight is more of a challenge.At sustaining at weight loss, the studies overwhelmingly show that plant-based diets are good long-term, you are motivated.Instead of focusing on what you eat, Solomon helps people maintain weight loss by working with the mind to change a person’s eating behaviour.She helps her clients like Mulkahy be more self-aware by having them write down everything they eat before they eat.That awareness, that sense of conscientiousness becomes more powerful than the immediate gratification of food but you have to learn it, it has to become a habit.
虽然时尚饮食可能有助于快速减重,但体重的维持是更难的挑战。在减肥方面,这些研究压倒性地表明以植物为基础的饮食是长期有效的。这种方法是让你激发你的主观能动性。Solomon没有把注意力放在你吃什么上,而是帮助人们通过改变大脑的饮食习惯来减肥。她帮助她的客户比如mulkahy提高自我意识,让他们在吃之前写下他们要吃的所有东西。这种意识,这种责任感,比食物给你的即时满足更强大。但你必须学会,它必须成为一种习惯。
It’s worked from Mulkahy who has sustained her current weight for almost three years.You get such a sense of accomplishment and a sense of power and efficacy that you can apply it to everywhere.Maintaining a healthy weight not only helps with a positive self-image but it will also fend off health problems such as heart disease, diabetes and even some forms of cancer.
它的效果从Mulkahy身上得到体现,她已经维持了目前的体重将近三年了。你有了一种成就感,一种力量还有它带来的效果,你可以把它应用到任何地方。保持健康的体重不仅有助于树立一个积极的自我形象,而且还能避免诸如心脏病、糖尿病甚至某些癌症等的健康问题。
Elizabeth Lee, VOA News, Los Angeles.
美国之音新闻,Elizabeth Lee洛杉矶报道。

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