美国呼吁南苏丹内战各方必须立即停火 分享到:
Warring Parties in South Sudan Must Abide by Ceasefire 2017-08-0935300

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Next an editorial reflecting the views of the United States government.
接下来,是一篇反映美国政府观点的社论。
For much of its brief existence, South Sudan has been mired in a civil war, a conflict that has killed tens of thousands of people and forced some 4 million to flee their homes, creating Africa’s worst refugee crisis since the 1994 Rwandan genocide. A 2015 peace agreement and a transitional government formed in early 2016 failed to end the violence.
在其短暂的存在中,南苏丹一直陷于内战,这场内战导致了数万人死亡、使得约400万人逃离家园,造成了自从1994年卢旺达种族灭绝事件以来非洲最大的难民危机。2015年达成的一份和平协议、以及2016年初组成的一个过渡政府都未能结束这一暴力。
In late May of this year, President Salva Kiir declared a unilateral, government cease-fire and promised a release of political prisoners. But no prisoners have been released, and despite the cease-fire, heavy fighting has been reported in parts of the country, according to the UN. This is particularly true of the opposition stronghold near the town of Pagak in Upper Nile state.
今年5月下旬,南苏丹总统 萨尔瓦·克里宣布政府单方面停火,并承诺释放政治犯。但是据联合国表示,并没有犯人因此被释放,而且尽管已经宣布停火,该国部分地区仍然发生了激烈的战斗。而在位于上尼罗州Pagak镇附近的反对派据点来说尤其如此。
On July 24, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, or IGAD, an eight-country regional development organization in East Africa that has been trying to mediate the situation in South Sudan, announced that it will convene a forum to revitalize implementation of the 2015 peace agreement.
7月24日,政府间发展组织(IGAD)——这是一个由东非八国组成的区域发展组织,其一直试图调停南苏丹的局势——宣布该组织将召开一个论坛,重新执行2015年达成的和平协议。
In late July, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the United States, known as the Troika in the context of the South Sudan peace effort, as well as the European Union, issued a statement condemning the continuing violence in South Sudan.
7月下旬,挪威、英国和美国(这三国是南苏丹和平协定中的“三驾马车”)、以及欧盟发布了一份声明,谴责南苏丹持续的暴力行为。
“The Pagak offensive is a clear violation of the unilateral ceasefire declared by President Salva Kiir…and calls into question the government’s commitment to reach peace through the National Dialogue.”
“Pagak镇的交火明显违反了总统萨尔瓦·克里宣布的单方面停火命令,使人对政府希望通过全国对话实现和平的承诺感到质疑。”
The statement welcomed the IGAD decision to revitalize the South Sudan peace process.
该声明对政府间发展组织重新执行南苏丹和平进程的决定表示欢迎。
“The proliferation of violence, displacement, and food insecurity renders any discussion of elections in the foreseeable future as an unnecessary diversion from the primary goals of achieving peace and reconciliation,” said the Troika statement.
“暴力、流离失所和粮食不安全现象的扩散蔓延,使得人们在可预见的将来不再对选举进行讨论,认为这是实现和平和调停等首要目标的不必要选项,”挪威、英国和美国在声明中如是说道。
“South Sudan’s leaders, neighbors, and regional and international partners must first focus on achieving peace in order to create the conditions needed to hold credible elections. To achieve these urgent goals, we look forward to the prompt revitalization of an inclusive and credible peace process by IGAD; such progress would be required in order for the Troika and EU to commit further resources to institutions designed to implement the agreement.”
“南苏丹领导人、邻国、以及地区和国际合作伙伴必须首先关注实现和平,从而创造举行可信赖选举所必须的条件。为了实现这些迫切的目标,我们期待着看到政府间发展组织快速执行一个具有包容性、可信赖的和平进程;为了让‘三驾马车’和欧盟向执行和平协议的机构提供更多资源,这一和平进程也是必须的。”

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