卡塔尔农场用堆肥土壤种植庄稼 分享到:
Qatar Farm Makes Compost Soil to Grow Crops 2017-09-1367362

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Qatar’s climate makes farming difficult with extreme heat, little freshwater and a high salt content in the desert soil.In 2012 the family-owned company Agrico started raising organic vegetables and greenhouses and recently began growing mushrooms.On this 10,000 square meter farm agric compost is generating a ton of mushrooms each day.
卡塔尔的高温气候、沙漠土壤淡水少且含盐量高,使得农业变得困难。2012年这家名为Agrico的家族企业开始提高有机蔬菜和大棚的数量,并且最近开始种植有机蘑菇。在这个10000平方米的农场,农业堆肥每天产生一吨蘑菇。
“The soil is composed of hay, agricultural gypsum and bird manure all that mixed together fermented and pasteurized.It is then ready to be used in the room.Soil preparation takes four weeks and then we need another four weeks for mushrooms to grow.”
种植用土是由干草、农业石膏、鸟粪等混合发酵后经巴氏消毒后方可在大棚中使用,土壤的准备需要耗费四周时间,蘑菇的生长也需要四周时间。
The mushrooms are grown in temperature controlled rooms at 18 degrees Celsius.
这些蘑菇生长在恒温18摄氏度的温室里。
“The cooling cost is an obstacle in some countries.In Gulf countries we have an advantage because energy is relatively cheap,however, farms in Gulf countries have additional costs due to importing most of the material they need.”
在一些国家冷却成本是个障碍,但在海湾国家我们有自己的优势,就是能源相对便宜。然而,海湾国家的农场由于进口他们所需的大部分材料而增加了成本。
Agricole plans to increase its mushroom production to between three and four times.
Agricole计划将蘑菇的产量增加到三到四次。
“We have a market share of about 30 percent of the local mushroom market.We usually export 20 percent of our production to neighboring countries like Bahrain and Saudi Arabia.”
我们在本地蘑菇市场的占有率约为百分之三十,而且有百分之二十的产品出口到邻国,比如巴林和沙特阿拉伯。
Qatar hopes to feed itself by converting semi-desert areas into agricultural land.
卡塔尔希望通过将半沙漠地区转变为农业用地来养活自己。
Deborahblock VOA news Washington
VOA记者Deborahblock华盛顿播报。

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