蟑螂,机器人 分享到:
Crash-Test Cockroaches Inspire Wall-Climbing Robot 2018-04-1151126

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Ah, the cockroach, they can survive anywhere.They’re fast, they zip around and they crawl up walls.And that’s why roboticists like them and are designing robots that imitate them.To discover how the insects manage their maneuvers, the scientists watched real roaches in slow motion.
啊,蟑螂,可以在任何地方生存。它们动作迅速、四处爬行,它们爬上了墙。这也是为什么机器人专家喜欢它们并且模仿它们建造机器人的原因。为了弄清楚这种昆虫是如何前行移动的,科学家们在慢动作视频的帮助下仔细观察了蟑螂的动作。
“We found that cockroaches would rapidly run towards the wall and basically collide into it head-on,and continue cycling their legs to climb up the wall.”So Kaushik Jayaram and his team, at the University of California Berkeley, designed a six-legged robot with a soft exoskeleton, just like a cockroach.It uses the momentum of a head-on crash to tip itself upward and climb a wall on its sticky-pad toes.The smart flexible body allows it to quickly scale a wall and change direction without relying on complex sensors,which most robots need to detect and move around objects in their path.That can take valuable time in situations like search-and-rescue operations to hazardous or rough terrain.“If you want to use it robot then you need the robot to be able to run on the ground, maybe climb up a wall, get over obstacles,crawl into spaces and so we really need a robot which is capable of not just doing one thing but many of these things together.”
我们发现蟑螂会朝着墙迅速跑去,并且迎头撞上。然后用它们的腿爬上墙。因此,在加州大学伯克利分校的Kaushik Jayaram和他的团队设计了一个六足机器人,它的外骨骼柔软,就像一只蟑螂一样。它利用迎面碰撞的冲力向上翘起,并通过其粘脚垫攀登墙壁。智能灵活的机身使其能够快速地攀登一堵墙并迅速改变方向,而无需依赖复杂的传感器,大多数机器人需要检测并绕开它们路径中遇到的物体。这在诸如危险行动或崎岖地形搜救活动中会浪费宝贵的时间。如果你想使用机器人,那么你可能会需要机器人在草地上奔跑、或者爬墙、穿越障碍甚至爬进宇宙,所以我们不仅需要机器人能够完成一项任务,而是希望它们能够额按成多项任务。
Cockroaches may be unpopular among homeowners but researchers exploring the future of robotics call them their “bio-inspiration”.
蟑螂或许在户主家并不受欢迎,但是研究未来机器人的科学家们却称它们为“生物灵感”。
I’m faith Lapidus VOA news.
我是VOA记者费思。

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