各国科技竞赛的利与弊 分享到:
Countries Race Towards Technological Dominance Knowing Benefits and Risks 2018-05-1250572

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Technology is changing life as we know it.“It’s quite explosive what we are saying.”Artificial intelligence, big data and connecting physical things to the digital world through the internet of things have implications for the wealthy as well as for developing countries.
众所周知科技正在改变我们的生活。我们说的话很有爆炸性。人工智能、大数据以及通过物联网将实物与数字世界联系起来,对发达国家和发展中国家都有影响。
“AI on the dangerous side of it, it can widen the gap. It can widen the gap so big that the poor countries can be left out. However this is also the chance for poor countries and developing countries to skip the industrial revolution and make up for the lost time.”The benefits of this technology will be seen across industries.“We can save lives. We can identify illnesses in a predictive way. We can use fitness health data to be able to detect issues long before they occur.”But along with the benefits are the dangers that come from a connected world.
人工智能危险的一方面,在于它可以扩大差距。它可以造成如此巨大的差距,以至于贫穷国家会被排除在外。然而,这也是贫穷国和发展中国家跨过工业革命差距、弥补损失时间的机会。这种技术的益处会在各行各业得以体现。我们可以拯救生命,我们可以使用预测的方式识别一种疾病。我们可以根据身体健康数据在疾病发生之前找到问题所在。但是随着这些好处而来的是来自相连世界的危险。
“There are very serious concerns that we need to be aware of as it relates to the aggregation of all these data.A lot of this is personal identifiable data, economic data, health history data, human genomic data.”Artificial intelligence could also threaten existing jobs.“When we have autonomous vehicles, what are the taxi drivers in New Your City going to do? This idea that we’re going to retrain them to be data scientists, this is crazy.What’s happening in the corporate world is corporations are facing a mass extinction event.
有一个非常严重的问题需要我们注意,因为它涉及到所有这些数据的汇总。其中很多是个人识别数据,经济数据,健康史数据,人类基因组数据。人工智能也可能会威胁到现有的职业。当我们拥有无人驾驶的汽车时,纽约市里的出租车司机又会何去何从呢?我们会把他们重新培训为数据分析师,这个想法太疯狂了。企业界正在发生的事情就是企业正在面临大规模的消亡。
So since 2000, since then, so far in the beginning of this century, 52 percent of the Fortune 500 companies have disappeared from the planet.”In their place new types of companies such as Uber and AirBnB that exists because of artificial intelligence and big data.These technologies are not only affecting the corporate world, they may also be a threat to national security.“As the most developed country in the world, we are at the most risk.We are connected the most, and our grid can be hacked.When the physical world gets connected to the internet, it’s not about stealing data, and IP. It’s also about causing a lot of damage. A turbine can be turned into a bomb, and a pump can be turned into something explosive. So, a lot of physical damage can also happen with cyber warfare.”
自从2000年,本世纪之初,全球五百强的企业已经有百分之五十二在这世界上消失了。由于人工智能和大数据的存在,Uber和AirBnB等新类型的公司应运而生。这些技术不仅影响着企业界,也可能对国家安全构成威胁。作为世界上最发达的国家,我们面临的风险最大。我们连接的最多,我们的系统网络会被黑客攻击。当现实世界连接到互联网时,它不再是关于窃取数据和IP。它也会造成很大的伤害。涡轮可以变成一个炸弹,一个泵可以变成一个爆炸性的东西。因此,很多物理伤害也会发生在网络战中。
But not moving forward with technology can be just as dangerous.“Today, the challenge with AI is if we don’t do it, somebody else can do it, so it’s become a race. If we don’t do it, China could do it. Russia could do it. Iran could do it.”For super powers the next revolution will be about the race for technological dominance.
但是技术停滞不前也很危险。今天,人工智能面临的挑战是,如果我们不这样做,别人就能做到,所以这就变成了一场比赛。如果我们不这样做,中国可以这样做,俄罗斯可以这样做,伊朗也可以这样做。对超级大国来说,下次革命将是技术优势的角逐。
Elizabeth Lee VOA News Los Angeles.
VOA记者伊丽莎白·李洛杉矶报道。

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