“游戏成瘾”被WHO正式列入精神疾病 分享到:
WHO Lists Compulsive Video Gaming As Mental Health Problem 2018-06-2650705

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Video game producers strive to create games that keep fans engaged and wanting more. Many young people gradually become so hooked to video gaming that they cannot stop playing to do more important things in life.Canadian Cam Adair was one of them.
游戏制作人千方百计地推出他们开发的游戏,让玩家乐在其中。许多年轻人渐渐变得沉迷游戏,以至于根本没办法停下来,去做生活中更重要的事情。来自加拿大的卡玛·阿代尔就是其中之一。
“Originally when I started gaming, I was fine, you know, a healthy kid, a happy kid,played hockey but eventually it began to become a problem, and actually enough dropping out of high school not once but twice,never graduated, never went to college and got to a point where I was pretending to have jobs playing video games up to 16 hours a day.”
“我最初开始打游戏时,感觉挺好的,是个健康快乐的孩子,打曲棍球,然后慢慢地就开始有问题,最终演变成高中辍学两次,高中没有毕业,没上过大学,甚至到了每天玩电子游戏的时间高达16小时,还假装自己有正经工作的地步。”
Experts say the symptoms are similar to alcoholism and drug addiction. “Gamers, texters, kids that are doing reading of and like watching Youtube videos get this dopamine release. When it stops abruptly like when a parent... where there’s a time they have to stop, they really experience almost spontaneous withdrawals.”
专家说,这些症状与酗酒和吸毒成瘾相似。“游戏玩家,拇指族(爱好发短信的人),在阅读什么东西或喜欢看Youtube视频的孩子可以使多巴胺得到释放。但是当他们必须突然停下来,比如说父母突然出现或者不得不中止的时候,他们大脑的多巴胺就得不到释放。”
But some experts reject the idea of classifying excessive video gaming as addiction. They argue that people often resort to video games to fight anxiety or depression and that kids are more likely to get hooked to games if they lack social skills. When those primary issues are resolved, the need for gaming declines they say.Cam Adair sought professional help after becoming suicidal.“It’s actually about understanding how these games are designed and why they do hook you so much, what human needs they fulfill for you.”
但一些专家不赞成将过度玩游戏归类为游戏上瘾。他们认为,人们经常通过玩游戏来消除焦虑或抑郁,如果孩子缺乏社交技能,他们更有可能会迷上游戏。当这些主要问题得到解决后,他们认为孩子对游戏的需求就会降低。卡玛·阿代尔曾有过轻生的想法,之后他寻求了专业帮助。“实际上就是要了解这些游戏的设计方式,以及它们为什么吸引你,满足了你的哪些基本需求。”
Adair welcomes the WHO decision for raising awareness of the problem so it can be treated.The Cyber Addiction Recovery Center in Los Angeles offers assessment and treatment for technology addiction which includes video gaming, social media addiction, phone addiction and cyber pornography addiction.
阿代尔很赞成世界卫生组织将游戏成瘾列入精神疾病的决定,以提高人们对这个问题的认识,更好地解决这个问题。洛杉矶网络成瘾恢复中心为技术成瘾提供评估和治疗,其中包括游戏成瘾,社交媒体成瘾,电话成瘾和网络色情成瘾。
“We work with kids as young as five and all the way through teenagers and into adulthood.”Christopher Mulligan, the Center’s founder, says addiction to technology cannot be treated in the same way as alcoholism or drug addiction. “They’re gonna have to get back online eventually; they’re gonna have to use their computers;they’re gonna have to use their phones, so it’s really teaching this very challenging goal of sustainable relationship to technology.”The World Health Organization says classifying gaming disorder as a disease will help member nations recognize the problem and prepare ways to treat it.
“我们的帮助对象中,既有五岁以下的孩子,也有青少年,还包括成年人。”该中心的创始人克里斯托弗·穆利根说,技术上瘾不能像酗酒或吸毒一样对待。“他们最终也还是要使用网络;还是要使用电脑;还是要使用手机,所以我们实际上是要达成一个非常具有挑战性的目标:使人们认识到我们要同科技建立一种可持续的关系。”世界卫生组织称,将游戏成瘾列为精神疾病将有助于成员国认识到这一问题并研究解决方案。
Zlatica Hoke, VOA News, Washington.
VOA新闻,扎拉蒂加·霍克于华盛顿为您播报。

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